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Dumyat (do͝omyätˈ) or Damietta (dămēĕtˈə), city (1986 pop. 89,069), capital of Dumyat governorate, N Egypt, on Lake Manzala near the Mediterranean Sea. It is a manufacturing and trade center. Its products include glassware; cotton, silk, and rayon textiles; and processed rice and fish. Of commercial and strategic importance in the Middle Ages, Dumyat was pillaged by the Byzantines and by the Sicilian Normans. It was captured and held by Crusaders from 1219 to 1221 and again (under Louis IX of France) from 1249 to 1250. Dimity, a sheer cotton fabric, was first made there. The city is the seat of Dumyat Institute, a branch of Al Azhar Univ.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Egypt. Sea and river port in the Nile Delta near the Mediterranean mouth of the Nile River; administrative center of the governorate of Dumyāt. Population, 86,300 (1966). Dumyāt is a trade and transportation center with a large rice-polishing industry and production of cotton, silk, and rayon articles.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A source at the petroleum sector told Daily News Egypt that a settlement agreement was reached with the Spanish Union Fenosa Gas (UFG) regarding the invalidity of a judicial verdict issued by the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) against Egypt's Natural Gas Holding Company (EGAS), as the plant of Damietta gradually goes back to operation.
The Egyptian contractor was a part of the consortium that completed the construction of Assiut and West Damietta plants in the third quarter of 2015.
Orascom is part of a consortium building Assiut and West Damietta power plants on a fast-track basis.
He added that the ministry is considering allowing the Damietta plant to export quantities of natural gas produced from Cyprus and Israel fields in the Mediterranean Sea, thus achieving economic returns in Egypt and ending arbitration disputes.
The aim of this cooperation is to transform Damietta into an integrated and specialised city in the furniture industry, through modernizing and promoting the industry, in accordance with the latest international developments.
The Ministry of Petroleum recently agreed with the foreign partners in the Damietta liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant to gradually restart the plant and export quantities of natural gas produced from the Zohr field in the coming year, after a six year suspension since July 2012.
3- Damietta governorate: Damietta governorate is located in the extreme northeast of Egypt in the delta region; it has five administrative districts.