Dana, Charles Anderson

Dana, Charles Anderson

(dā`nə), 1819–97, American newspaper editor, b. Hinsdale, N.H. He was a member of the Brook FarmBrook Farm,
1841–47, an experimental farm at West Roxbury, Mass., based on cooperative living. Founded by George Ripley, a Unitarian minister, the farm was initially financed by a joint-stock company with 24 shares of stock at $500 per share.
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 community for five years. In 1847 he began 15 years on the New York Tribune, most of that time as managing editor. When Dana's views on the conduct of the Civil War became too militant for the editor, Horace Greeley, Dana resigned. His reports as a special investigator in the West for the War Dept. helped to build up official confidence in General Grant. In 1864, Dana became Assistant Secretary of War. His Recollections of the Civil War (1898) are valuable. He is best remembered for his great career as editor of "the newspaperman's newspaper," which began in 1868 when Dana became editor and part owner of the New York Sun. Though his editorials were erratic—he denounced the corruption in Grant's administration and refused to support labor unions and civil service reform—and often cynical, as a news editor he established high standards of readability and maintained a famous staff of writers. He also wrote The Art of Newspaper Making (1895) and Eastern Journeys (1898).

Bibliography

See biography by C. J. Rosebault (1931); study by C. Stone (1938, repr. 1969).

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Dana, Charles Anderson

(1819–97) newspaper editor; born in Hinsdale, N.H. After serving as managing editor of Horace Greeley's New York Tribune (1849–62) and assistant U.S. secretary of war (1863–64), he purchased the then floundering New York Sun in 1868 and revived it financially and editorially. Under his guidance for three decades, the paper stressed human interest and crime stories and became known for its brisk, often cynical editorials and its lively style and wit.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.