Danakil


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Danakil,

desert region, NE Ethiopia and neighboring portions of Djibouti and Eritrea, c.350 mi (560 km) long and 50–250 mi (80–400 km) wide, between the gulfs of Zula and Tadjoura. It is bordered by the Red Sea (N and E) and escarpments of the Great Rift Valley (S and W). A series of mountain ranges containing active and extinct volcanoes, sometimes called the Danakil Alps, runs parallel to the Red Sea coast N of Djibouti, rising to more than 6,980 ft (2,128 m) high at Ramlu peak. Between the ranges and the Ethiopian Highlands is a large depression, a section of the Great Rift Valley, which descends to c.380 ft (116 m) below sea level and contains salt lakes. Small rivers, mostly seasonal, flow from the highlands and end in the desert. Large areas of the W Danakil are covered by volcanic rocks; in the frontier zone with Djibouti, which is watered by the Awash River, are several lakes as well as marshes, hot springs, and volcanoes. One of the hottest and driest places on earth, the Danakil is inhabited by the nomadic Afar, or Danakil, who tend camels, sheep, goats, mules, and cattle. Salt extraction is widespread, and potash is mined at Dallol.

Danakil

 

also Dankali or Adal (self-designation, Afar), a people living in the northeastern regions of Ethiopia and on the coast of the Gulf of Tadjoura (Afars and Issas). Their total number, including the Saho who are close to them in language and culture, is about 500.000 (1967, estimate). The Danakil speak Afar, which is related to the Cushitic languages. Their religion is Islam. Vestiges of old religious beliefs are retained. The Danakil are mainly nomadic herdsmen, raising cattle and camels.


Danakil

 

a mountain range in Ethiopia, extending along the Red Sea coast. With elevations up to 2,130 m, it is composed of crystalline rock, covered with sedimentary layers and Cenozoic basaltic lavas. The dominant vegetation consists of semidesert grass and brush. Thickets of thorn bushes grow on the slopes facing the Red Sea.

References in periodicals archive ?
Metec was doubtless behind the engineered dispute with ICL, since it also owns potash and chemical production plants that would benefit from the Danakil project.
International Resource News-March 14, 2017--Circum Minerals receives approval for application of mining license for Danakil Potash Project
The Colluli deposit is located in the Danakil region of Eritrea, about 177 km southeast of the capital, Asmara and 180 km from the port of Massawa, Eritrea's key import-export entry.
The Afar breed is distributed in the Rift Valley strip, Danakil depression, Gewane, and northern and western Hararghe, whereas the Long-eared Somali breed is distributed in Ogaden, the lowlands of Bale, Borena, and southern Sidama, and the WG breed is distributed in North and South Omo, southern Sidama, and parts of Wolayta.
The Danakil desert, stretching across Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti is one of our most extreme environments and officially the hottest place on Earth.
Museum options include the National Museum of Ethiopia, rather shabby but containing Lucy, the oldest and most-complete hominid skeleton found in the Danakil desert; the treasure trove of the Ethnological Museum on the Addis Ababa University campus--don't miss; while the Red Terror Martyrs Memorial Museum beside Meskel Square offers a powerful testament to the estimated half million killed during Ethiopia's communist dictatorship, the Derg, during the 1970s.
Ethiopia's Deputy Prime Minister , Danakil Depression, lauded the progressing Ethiopian -Sudanese relations, calling for pushing them further progress to serve interest of the two countries.
The Red Sea Afar Democratic Organisation (RSADO) rebel group accused the Australian South Boulder Mines Ltd of partnering with the Eritrean government to illegally exploit resources of the Afar's region of Danakil, stressing it caused environmental damage on their traditional homeland.
"Ethiopia's landscapes are no less dramatic, and range from the Simien Mountains National Park and Bale Mountains National Park, which offer tremendous trekking opportunities and innumerable interactions with dozens of animals and birds, to the Danakil Depression in Northern Ethiopia, an enchanting yet unforgiving and hostile environment offering extreme adventure.
The Eastern branch included ancient and modern Egyptians, Gallas or Oromos, Danakil, Maasai, Ethiopians, Somalis, and the Tutsi and Hima of the Great Lakes Region.