Daniel François Esprit Auber

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Auber, Daniel François Esprit

 

Born Jan. 29, 1782, in Caen; died May 12, 1871, in Paris. French composer. Member of the Institut de France (1829).

Auber studied composition under L. Cherubini. From 1842 he was director of the Paris Conservatory. Beginning in 1857 he served as court choirmaster.

Auber is the composer of more than 40 operas, chiefly comic, some of which were written jointly with F. Hérold, A. Boieldieu, and others. E. Scribe was almost invariably his librettist. Of Auber’s four works in the style of grand opera, La Muette de Portici (The Dumb Girl of Portici, 1828; in Russia also known as The Palermo Bandits) is of great historical significance. Its subject, the uprising of Neapolitan fishermen against Spanish rule in the 17th century, with its theme of struggle against tyranny, corresponded to the public mood in France on the eve of the July Revolution of 1830. Of Auber’s comic operas, the most popular were Fra Diavolo (1830), Le Cheval de bronze (The Bronze Horse, 1835), and Le Domino noir (The Black Domino, 1837). His art is characterized by a lively melodic line, well-defined rhythms, and typically French melodies. His comic operas are noted for their light and easily accessible musical material; some works, notably La Muette de Portici, have a certain romantic pathos and heroic-democratic quality.

REFERENCES

Serov, A. N. Kriticheskie stat’i, vol. 2. St. Petersburg, 1892.
Khokhlovkina, A. Zapadnoevropeiskaia opera. Moscow, 1962.
Malherbe, C. Auber: Biographie critique. Paris, 1911.

T. N. LIVANOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
One example will serve: It relates the fate of two horses named Almaviva and Figaro belonging to the composer Daniel Auber.
In contrast Les Rendezvous, created in 1933 to a haunting score by Daniel Auber, arranged by Constant Lambert, was as sweetly elegant as a stroll in the park on a summer afternoon.
Opening with Les Rendezvous, the dancers in brightly-coloured costumes criss-crossed the stage at speed to the music of Daniel Auber in a series of solos, pas de quatre and ensemble dances, as friends and acquaintances met joyfully in a park setting.
Here, chosen absolutely at random, is a list of what Strauss directed in a single three-week period at Berlin during 1900: a Wagner opera thrice ("Meistersinger"), a Mozart opera twice ("Figaro"), and the following operas once each: "Don Giovanni," "The Magic Flute," "Le Cheval de Bronze" by France's Daniel Auber (1782-1871), "The Merry Wives of Windsor" by Germany's Otto Nicolai (1810-1849), and the once fantastically acclaimed "Der Evangelimann" by the now-forgotten Austrian Wilhelm Kienzl (1857-1941).
Camera (color, widescreen), Aleksei Rodionov; editors, Anton Anisimov, Vladimir Markov, Karolina Machievsky; music, Kaveh Kohen, Michael Nielsen, Alexander Hacke; production designers, Aleksei Tylevich, Daniel Auber, Anton Vasiliev, Ben Stokes; sound (Dolby Digital), A.
Dating from 1830 and by Daniel Auber, Rhys plays a kind of brigadier and lover Lorenzo who tries to catch notorious bandit Fra Diavolo and woo Zerline.
The video is animated by director and illustrator Daniel Auber, a member of Ledger's art collective the Massive.
Cuando Tom piso Paris, Daniel Auber --director del Conservatorio-- quiso desenmascarar su charlatanismo; le resultaba inconcebible que un individuo con esas caracteristicas fisicas pudiera venderse como un gran musico.
Contains arias by Daniel Auber, Hector Berlioz, Georges Bizet, Leo Delibes, Charles Gounod, Edouard Lalo, Jules Massenet, Giacomo Meyerbeer, Jacques Offenbach, Gioachino Rossini, Ambroise Thomas, and Giuseppe Verdi.
En la Opera Comica, por su parte, las obras de Francois-Adrien Boieldieu, y de sus discipulos Adolphe-Charles Adam y Daniel Auber, todos ellos precisamente compositores de esa decada e incluso anteriores, formaban la mayor parte del repertorio, en otro claro ejemplo de que la actividad operistica francesa se encontraba mas bien anquilosada.
Whether the once adored operas by Meyerbeer's rivals Daniel Auber (Fra Diavolo, Masaniello) and Adolphe Adam (most celebrated for his ballet Giselle and his carol "O Holy Night") will soon return to the regular repertory is doubtful.
Three works--La muette de portici (1828) and Le dieu et la bayadere (1830) of Daniel Auber, and La tention (1832) by Fromental Halevy.