Daniel François Esprit Auber

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Auber, Daniel François Esprit


Born Jan. 29, 1782, in Caen; died May 12, 1871, in Paris. French composer. Member of the Institut de France (1829).

Auber studied composition under L. Cherubini. From 1842 he was director of the Paris Conservatory. Beginning in 1857 he served as court choirmaster.

Auber is the composer of more than 40 operas, chiefly comic, some of which were written jointly with F. Hérold, A. Boieldieu, and others. E. Scribe was almost invariably his librettist. Of Auber’s four works in the style of grand opera, La Muette de Portici (The Dumb Girl of Portici, 1828; in Russia also known as The Palermo Bandits) is of great historical significance. Its subject, the uprising of Neapolitan fishermen against Spanish rule in the 17th century, with its theme of struggle against tyranny, corresponded to the public mood in France on the eve of the July Revolution of 1830. Of Auber’s comic operas, the most popular were Fra Diavolo (1830), Le Cheval de bronze (The Bronze Horse, 1835), and Le Domino noir (The Black Domino, 1837). His art is characterized by a lively melodic line, well-defined rhythms, and typically French melodies. His comic operas are noted for their light and easily accessible musical material; some works, notably La Muette de Portici, have a certain romantic pathos and heroic-democratic quality.


Serov, A. N. Kriticheskie stat’i, vol. 2. St. Petersburg, 1892.
Khokhlovkina, A. Zapadnoevropeiskaia opera. Moscow, 1962.
Malherbe, C. Auber: Biographie critique. Paris, 1911.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
One example will serve: It relates the fate of two horses named Almaviva and Figaro belonging to the composer Daniel Auber. One was eaten by the starving citizens of Paris during the 1871 siege, and the other only escaped this fate by being hidden away in a piano shop (325-326).
In contrast Les Rendezvous, created in 1933 to a haunting score by Daniel Auber, arranged by Constant Lambert, was as sweetly elegant as a stroll in the park on a summer afternoon.
Opening with Les Rendezvous, the dancers in brightly-coloured costumes criss-crossed the stage at speed to the music of Daniel Auber in a series of solos, pas de quatre and ensemble dances, as friends and acquaintances met joyfully in a park setting.
Here, chosen absolutely at random, is a list of what Strauss directed in a single three-week period at Berlin during 1900: a Wagner opera thrice ("Meistersinger"), a Mozart opera twice ("Figaro"), and the following operas once each: "Don Giovanni," "The Magic Flute," "Le Cheval de Bronze" by France's Daniel Auber (1782-1871), "The Merry Wives of Windsor" by Germany's Otto Nicolai (1810-1849), and the once fantastically acclaimed "Der Evangelimann" by the now-forgotten Austrian Wilhelm Kienzl (1857-1941).
Camera (color, widescreen), Aleksei Rodionov; editors, Anton Anisimov, Vladimir Markov, Karolina Machievsky; music, Kaveh Kohen, Michael Nielsen, Alexander Hacke; production designers, Aleksei Tylevich, Daniel Auber, Anton Vasiliev, Ben Stokes; sound (Dolby Digital), A.
Dating from 1830 and by Daniel Auber, Rhys plays a kind of brigadier and lover Lorenzo who tries to catch notorious bandit Fra Diavolo and woo Zerline.
The video is animated by director and illustrator Daniel Auber, a member of Ledger's art collective the Massive.
Contains arias by Daniel Auber, Hector Berlioz, Georges Bizet, Leo Delibes, Charles Gounod, Edouard Lalo, Jules Massenet, Giacomo Meyerbeer, Jacques Offenbach, Gioachino Rossini, Ambroise Thomas, and Giuseppe Verdi.
Whether the once adored operas by Meyerbeer's rivals Daniel Auber (Fra Diavolo, Masaniello) and Adolphe Adam (most celebrated for his ballet Giselle and his carol "O Holy Night") will soon return to the regular repertory is doubtful.
Three works--La muette de portici (1828) and Le dieu et la bayadere (1830) of Daniel Auber, and La tention (1832) by Fromental Halevy.