Burnham, Daniel Hudson

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Burnham, Daniel Hudson

(bûr`nəm), 1846–1912, American architect and city planner b. Henderson, N.Y. He was trained in architects' offices in Chicago. In that city he established (1873) a partnership with John W. RootRoot, John Wellborn,
1850–91, American architect, b. Lumpkin, Ga. He worked in New York City with James Renwick and became a partner of D. H. Burnham in Chicago. The firm created the modern type of highly organized architectural office suited to the planning of
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 and soon gained many of the most important architectural commissions of the day. Their Chicago works include the Monadnock Building; the 20-story Masonic Temple Building (1892), the first important skeleton skyscraper; the Reliance Building; and the "Rookery" offices. Among their other works were the Flatiron Building and the Wanamaker store in New York City, Union Station in Washington, D.C., and buildings in Cleveland, Buffalo, and San Francisco.

Burnham and Root also designed the general plan for Chicago's World's Columbian ExpositionWorld's Columbian Exposition,
held at Chicago, May–Nov., 1893, in commemoration of the 400th anniversary of the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus. Authorized (1890) by Congress, it was planned and completed by a commission headed by Thomas W.
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 (1893) and through it exerted an enormous influence upon contemporaneous civic design. In 1901, Burnham served with C. F. McKimMcKim, Charles Follen,
1847–1909, American architect, b. Chester co., Pa., studied (1867–70) at the École des Beaux-Arts. He was one of the founders of the firm of McKim, Mead, and Bigelow, which in 1879 became McKim, Mead, and White (see William Rutherford
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, F. L. Olmsted, Jr., and Augustus Saint-GaudensSaint-Gaudens, Augustus
, 1848–1907, American sculptor, b. Dublin, Ireland. His family immigrated to New York when he was an infant. An apprentice in cameo cutting at 13, he gained mastery over low-relief sculpture.
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 on the Senate Park Commission in planning for the future beautification of Washington, D.C. With E. H. Bennett he created a civic improvement plan of great importance for Chicago (1907), much of which has since been put into execution. He also prepared plans for Baltimore, Duluth, and San Francisco, and was commissioned by the U.S. government to design plans for Manila and other cities in the Philippines.

Bibliography

See studies by T. Hines (1974, 1979) and K. Schaffer (2003).

References in periodicals archive ?
TITLE: Make No Little Plans: Daniel Burnham and the American City
Daniel Burnham (1846-1912)--This Chicago native began his career working with William Le Baron Jenney.
Throughout the history of urban planning, the idea expressed later by Daniel Burnham, that only noble diagram can capture men's minds, plays upon the diagrammatic as seminal.
It is here that Manzoni enlists the support of the American town planner, Daniel Burnham, whose words have been quoted above.
Encounter a landmark hotel and experience the renowned architecture of Daniel Burnham and his vision for a Chicago hotel.
In 1911, Daniel Burnham has designed the building, 208 S.
8220;I titled the event 'A Night in Burnham's Jail' after the famous American Architect, Daniel Burnham, who designed the Duluth Civic District that includes the jail.
A chapter on Daley's vision is "Make No Little Plans," the dictum of Daniel Burnham, the architect and planner whom Daley admired and quoted.
CHICAGO -- The Archimedia Workshop announces the Washington, DC premiere of the new documentary film Make No Little Plans: Daniel Burnham and the American City that will air nationally in fall 2010.
About JW Marriott Chicago Encounter a landmark hotel near Willis Tower and experience the renowned architecture of Daniel Burnham and his vision for a luxury hotel in Chicago, Illinois.
Make no small plans', they whisper to themselves, recalling the Modernist injunction of Daniel Burnham as he devised the grand layout for Chicago by the lake.
The competition is part of the Burnham Plan Centennial Celebration honoring the legacy of Daniel Burnham and his and Edward Bennett's Plan of Chicago, the first comprehensive planning document guiding the growth of an American city.