Danish language


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Danish language,

member of the North Germanic, or Scandinavian, group of the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. The official language of Denmark, it is spoken by over 5 million people, most of whom live in Denmark; however, there are some Danish speakers in Greenland, the Faeroe Islands, Iceland, and the United States. Like the other Scandinavian languages, Danish is derived from Old Norse, and by the first half of the 12th cent. it could be distinguished from the parent tongue (see Germanic languagesGermanic languages,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by about 470 million people in many parts of the world, but chiefly in Europe and the Western Hemisphere.
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; NorseNorse,
another name for the North Germanic, or Scandinavian, group of the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Germanic languages). The modern Norse languages—Danish, Faeroese, Icelandic, Norwegian, and Swedish—all stem from an earlier
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). Between 1100 and 1800 a number of phonological changes took place in Danish, and the grammar became increasingly simple. The spelling and pronunciation of the language began to be standardized c.1700, and a modern standard Danish can be said to have existed since about 1800, although there are still a number of dialects. Danish grammar is comparatively simple. The noun is inflected only to show the possessive and plural forms and has but two genders, neuter and nonneuter (or common). The meaning of nouns that are otherwise the same can depend on gender. For example, when used in the nonneuter øre means "coin," whereas used in the neuter øre means "ear." Homonyms may also be differentiated in Danish by the use of a stød, or glottal stop, which is a sound that results from the closing and opening of the glottis to expel air. Verbs have no personal inflection. Although the vocabulary of Danish is substantially native, many words have been borrowed from other languages, notably from Low German in the 14th to 16th cent.; from High German, Latin, and French in the 16th to 19th cent.; and from English since the late 19th cent. Because of the large number of similar and identical words in Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish, a knowledge of any one of these languages makes it possible to understand the spoken and written forms of the other two. Since c.1100, Danish has used the Roman alphabet, to which three symbols representing three vowels, å (before 1948 written as aa, which still is used in some place and personal names), æ, and ø, have been added.

Bibliography

See L. F. A. Wimmer, A Short History of the Danish Language (1897); Danish grammars by E. Bredsdorff (1959) and E. Norlev and H. A. Koefoed (3d ed. 1968).

References in periodicals archive ?
Instead, however, of merely basing this edition on a reprint of the first English edition published in 1958 it was further decided to devise a full new English language translation of the first Danish language edition Om ret og retfaerdighed from 1953 (10).
Danish language requirements will be high in the future, but language school is free, and educated refugees will be able to pass the test.
This article presents an overview of the Danish language, phonetics, and lyric diction, including two sample song transcriptions and recommendations for additional resources.
Many of the books in the collection are too specialised and some are just random, like a book in Danish language, which I came across.
A medievalist specializing in Scandinavia, Adams presents an annotated edition of one of the first books to be printed on a Danish press and probably the first antisemitic work in the Danish language. The Danish version is accompanied both by the original Latin and by an English translation.
Copenhagen, Denmark, January 24, 2013 --(PR.com)-- Madgex, the UK's leading job board provider, are thrilled to announce the launch of their first Danish language job board for leading Copenhagen based publisher Mediehuset Ingenioren A/S.
Voice and language solutions provider Nuance Communications Inc (Nasdaq:NUAN) announced on Thursday that its Dragon Dictation and Dragon Search apps for iPhone, iPod touch and iPad have made their debut in Denmark, supporting the Danish language.
In order to contextualize the discussion, I can inform the reader that foreigners seeking residency through family reunification or political exile in Denmark are required to pay DKK 1406.00 for a Danish language test (Studiepraven) .
The reading of Danish language, especially Gothic Danish, has been a major challenge to many contemporary Virgin Islands researchers, and it is certainly the case with the author of this book.
Four of the six Danish language pieces appearing here have been previously published elsewhere, one in Aarboger for Nordisk Oldkyndighed og Historie and three in the Danish Historisk Tidsskrift.
(If you are not familiar with the world of Danish ceramics or the Danish language you might have a hard time telling from some of their names which are women and which are men.
(13) In exemplary fashion Fanning covers all aspects of this major work in Nielsen's output: the circumstances of its genesis, the transmission of the sources, an analytical review of the work and its reception--altogether a combination of top-class musicological competence with impressive insight into Danish language and society.

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