Dar es Salaam


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Dar es Salaam

(där`-ĕs-säläm`) [Arab.,=haven of peace], city (2012 pop. 4,364,541), on a bay of the Indian Ocean. The former capital of Tanzania, it is the country's largest city and its communications, and economic center. The major industries produce foods and beverages, oil, textiles, clothing, shoes, cement, aluminum products, and pharmaceuticals. Although it has limited access to the sea, Dar es Salaam is Tanzania's main port; exports include cotton, sisal, coffee, diamonds, and hides. The port can handle oceangoing vessels, but dhows still carry some goods bound for coastal African and SW Asian ports. A railroad runs from Dar es Salaam to Kigoma, on Lake Tanganyika, and the Tazara Railway (also known as the Great Uhuru or Tanzam Railway) links Dar es Salaam with the Zambian Copperbelt. A cable-stayed bridge (2016) connects the city center with districts to its south. Dar es Salaam has an international airport.

Founded in 1866 by the sultan of ZanzibarZanzibar
, semiautonomous archipelago (2012 pop. 1,303,569), Tanzania, E Africa, in the Indian Ocean c. 20 mi (32 km) off the mainland, consisting of the island of Zanzibar or Unjuga (2012 pop. 896,721), 600 sq mi (1,554 sq km), Pemba, and neighboring smaller islands.
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, Dar es Salaam was a small town when German forces occupied it in 1887. In 1891 it became the capital of German East AfricaGerman East Africa,
former German colony, c.370,000 sq mi (958,300 sq km), E Africa. Dar es Salaam was the capital. German influence emerged in the area in 1884 when Carl Peters, the German explorer, obtained treaties over parts of the territory.
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, but its main growth began during World War II. It is the site of the Univ. of Dar es Salaam, Kivukoni Acad. of Social Sciences, Dar es Salaam Technical College, the Open Univ. of Tanzania, the College of Business Education, the Ardhi Institute, the Institute of Kiswahili Research, a botanical garden, the national archives, and the National Museum of Tanzania. Many political exiles were drawn to Dar es Salaam when Tanzania was an outspoken supporter of African liberation movements (1960s to early 1990s). In 1996, Tanzania's national assembly moved to DodomaDodoma
, municipality (2012 pop. 213,636), capital of Tanzania, central Tanzania. It is the trade center for an agricultural region producing beans, seeds, corn, peanuts, grains, coffee, tea, and tobacco. Cattle are also raised and marketed.
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, but most government offices did not begin moving from Dar es Salaam until 2016. In Aug., 1998, a terrorist bomb exploded at the U.S. Embassy in Dar es Salaam, killing 11 people.

Dar es Salaam

the chief port of Tanzania, on the Indian Ocean: capital of German East Africa (1891--1916); capital of Tanzania until 1983 when it was replaced by Dodoma; university (1963). Pop.: 2 683 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Dar es Salaam's police chief, Lazaro Mambosasa told The Citizen that the case had not been reported to them.
"Therefore, I am announcing this to every citizen of Dar es Salaam. If you know any gays ...
Dar es Salaam police chief Lazaro Mambosasa told journalists that the assailants had "shot into the air" before bustling Dewji into their car.
Dewji is also the main shareholder in Simba football club, based in Dar es Salaam.
Situated upon a flood plain, and ever-expanding under the combined pressure of climate change and rapid urbanization, the risk of flooding in Dar es Salaam is only increasing.
The authorAEs PhD thesis, this study explores care for the elderly in urban Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and how this reveals insights into their interconnectedness.
Dar es Salaam faces many of the same problems as other large African cities: power and water grids are still centred on the old colonial heart of the city and have failed to expand along with the population.
Approximately halfofall reported cases have been from four regions: Dar es Salaam (5,104; 22%), Morogoro (3,177; 14%), Mwanza (2,311; 10%), and Mara (2,299; 10%).
The two sides discussed enhancing economic and trade cooperation relations between the two friendly states, increasing trade exchange and opening marketing outlets for the products of both countries in the presence of the airline that connects Muscat, Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar.
The current public transport system is inadequate to provide reliable, safe and efficient public transport system for the estimated five million Dar es Salaam city inhabitants who generate about 60 per cent of the countries' revenue and account for 70 per cent of the city's public transport users.
The Syrian trade expo was held in Dar es Salaam between April 24th and May 11th.
Emirates, a global connector of people and places, has announced that Dar es Salaam, TanzaniaeIUs principal port and commercial city, will become a double daily operation from Jan.