Dario Fo


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Fo, Dario,

1926–2016, Italian playwright, actor, and director, b. Leggiuno Sangiano. Fo developed a sharp and irreverent satirical farce influenced by Bertholt BrechtBrecht, Bertolt
, 1898–1956, German dramatist and poet, b. Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht. His brilliant wit, his outspoken Marxism, and his revolutionary experiments in the theater made Brecht a vital and controversial force in modern drama.
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 and Antonio GramsciGramsci, Antonio
, 1891–1937, Italian political leader and theoretician. Originally a member of the Socialist party and a cofounder (1919) of the left-wing paper L'Ordine Nuovo, Gramsci helped to establish (1921) the Italian Communist party.
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 as well as by traditional commedia dell'artecommedia dell'arte
, popular form of comedy employing improvised dialogue and masked characters that flourished in Italy from the 16th to the 18th cent. Characters of the Commedia Dell'Arte
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 (although less formal than the latter). Inspired by the circus and carnivals, he used slapstick, puns, ridicule, and parody to explore social and political issues and to criticize authority of all kinds. A long-time member of the Communist party (he and his wife were denied entry into the United States in the early 1980s), Fo was often critical of the policies of the Roman Catholic church, which termed some of his plays blasphemous. Forceful, wittily anarchic, and often disturbing, his work was impeded by Italian censorship before 1962. In 1958, Fo and his wife, actress and playwright Franca Rame (1929–2013), with whom he frequently collaborated in writing and acting, founded their own troupe and began presenting works on contemporary issues. In the 1970s their plays became more political and more radical. The most famous of these is Accidental Death of an Anarchist (1970), a farce about the alleged suicide of an anarchist in police custody. Another well-known work, It's All Bed, Board and Church, is the collective title of five feminist monologues created by the pair in 1977. Rame also served (2006–8) in the Italian parliament. Among Fo's more than 70 other plays are a satire on politics and religion, Mistero Buffo (1969, rev. and updated for 30 years), Can't Pay, Won't Pay (1974), The Pope and the Witch (1989), and The Devil with Boobs (1997). Fo was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1997.

Bibliography

See his Tricks of the Trade (1986, tr. 1991); T. Mitchell, ed., File on Fo (1989); D. Hirst, Dario Fo and Franca Rame (1989); T. Behan, Dario Fo: Revolutionary Theater (2000); J. Farrell and A. Scuderi, ed., Dario Fo: Stage, Text, and Tradition (2000); R. Jenkins, Dario Fo and Franca Rame: Artful Laughter (2001); A. Scuderi, Dario Fo: Framing, Festival, and the Folkloric Imagination (2011).

References in periodicals archive ?
La svolta di Dario Fo e Franca Rame non fu un caso isolato in quegli anni; in tutto il mondo occidentale, infatti, la contestazione del '68 aveva ispirato forme alternative di teatro politicamente impegnato.
Despues de Muerte accidental de un anarquista solo he visto dos obras de Dario Fo (y Franca Rame): Pareja abierta, que cuenta la historia de un matrimonio que decide ampliar su vida sexual con otras personas, y Tengamos el sexo en paz, el monologo de una mujer sexualmente insatisfecha, interpretado por Charo Lopez.
11-17 and 19-44); analytical pieces, such as the clear and well-argued presentation from Luciana d' Arcangeli of the development of the female character in Dario Fo's work (pp.
In Dario Fo's 33-year-old counter-culture classic Accidental Death of an Anarchist, he was just mesmerising.
Other studies in the volume include Kurt Eisen writing about the controversies over the Federal Theatre Project in the late 1930s; James Fisher, on the work of the Italian playwright and performer Dario Fo; Anne Fletcher, on the Broadway designer and theorist Mordecai Gorelik; Susan Kattwinkel, on variety theatre and government in the United States; and Jeff Turner, on "the politics of Whiteness" and Wilder's Our Town.
The third production, Mistero Busso, by Dario Fo, is another oneman performance in which the actor focuses on comedy through a wide range of characters.
Plan B found him cutting down on the bodies involved by going for Female Parts, the Dario Fo play with an intriguing title and - far more important in the current calculations at Hall Green - capable of being played by only two actresses and one actor.
Opening tonight: Shakespeare's "Macbeth" in Robinson Theatre at the University of Oregon, Dario Fo's "Accidental Death of an Anarchist" at the Lord Leebrick Theatre, Patrick Hamilton's "Angel Street" at the Very Little Theatre and Neil Simon's "The Odd Couple" at Actors Cabaret of Eugene.
The late 1960s and most of the 1970s -- 'The Era of Collective Action' -- as described by Paul Ginsborg in his History of Contemporary Italy, were the years in which Dario Fo wrote and performed some of his most enduring and influential plays: Accidental Death of An Anarchist, Mistero Buffo and Can't Pay?
Former Prime Minister Keizo Obuchi also received two letters urging Zorzi's extradition -- one from the association of bombing victims' families and the other from Nobel-Prize-winning playwright Dario Fo, ANSA said.
Al hilo de la concesion en 1997 del Premio Nobel de Literatura a Dario Fo esta proliferando la bibliografia sobre el autor, director y actor italiano y, sobre todo, se empieza a conocer mejor su teatro, con aportaciones tan necesarias y estimables como esta de Carla Matteini, que traduce por primera vez al espanol Misterio bufo, el texto mas famoso y significativo de Fo, tras su representacion en Espana en 1982.
The ligatures between literature and politics are more manifold and nuanced than I can suggest her, of course; the Nobel committee has done its part of late in pointing this out, from Dario Fo last year to Jose Saramago this.