Dario Fo


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Fo, Dario,

1926–2016, Italian playwright, actor, and director, b. Leggiuno Sangiano. Fo developed a sharp and irreverent satirical farce influenced by Bertholt BrechtBrecht, Bertolt
, 1898–1956, German dramatist and poet, b. Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht. His brilliant wit, his outspoken Marxism, and his revolutionary experiments in the theater made Brecht a vital and controversial force in modern drama.
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 and Antonio GramsciGramsci, Antonio
, 1891–1937, Italian political leader and theoretician. Originally a member of the Socialist party and a cofounder (1919) of the left-wing paper L'Ordine Nuovo, Gramsci helped to establish (1921) the Italian Communist party.
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 as well as by traditional commedia dell'artecommedia dell'arte
, popular form of comedy employing improvised dialogue and masked characters that flourished in Italy from the 16th to the 18th cent. Characters of the Commedia Dell'Arte
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 (although less formal than the latter). Inspired by the circus and carnivals, he used slapstick, puns, ridicule, and parody to explore social and political issues and to criticize authority of all kinds. A long-time member of the Communist party (he and his wife were denied entry into the United States in the early 1980s), Fo was often critical of the policies of the Roman Catholic church, which termed some of his plays blasphemous. Forceful, wittily anarchic, and often disturbing, his work was impeded by Italian censorship before 1962. In 1958, Fo and his wife, actress and playwright Franca Rame (1929–2013), with whom he frequently collaborated in writing and acting, founded their own troupe and began presenting works on contemporary issues. In the 1970s their plays became more political and more radical. The most famous of these is Accidental Death of an Anarchist (1970), a farce about the alleged suicide of an anarchist in police custody. Another well-known work, It's All Bed, Board and Church, is the collective title of five feminist monologues created by the pair in 1977. Rame also served (2006–8) in the Italian parliament. Among Fo's more than 70 other plays are a satire on politics and religion, Mistero Buffo (1969, rev. and updated for 30 years), Can't Pay, Won't Pay (1974), The Pope and the Witch (1989), and The Devil with Boobs (1997). Fo was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1997.

Bibliography

See his Tricks of the Trade (1986, tr. 1991); T. Mitchell, ed., File on Fo (1989); D. Hirst, Dario Fo and Franca Rame (1989); T. Behan, Dario Fo: Revolutionary Theater (2000); J. Farrell and A. Scuderi, ed., Dario Fo: Stage, Text, and Tradition (2000); R. Jenkins, Dario Fo and Franca Rame: Artful Laughter (2001); A. Scuderi, Dario Fo: Framing, Festival, and the Folkloric Imagination (2011).

References in periodicals archive ?
Ron Jenkins, author of Dario Fo and Franca Rame: Artful Laughter and frequent translator and director of Fo's plays, is a professor of theatre at Wesleyan University.
La svolta di Dario Fo e Franca Rame non fu un caso isolato in quegli anni; in tutto il mondo occidentale, infatti, la contestazione del '68 aveva ispirato forme alternative di teatro politicamente impegnato.
Despues de Muerte accidental de un anarquista solo he visto dos obras de Dario Fo (y Franca Rame): Pareja abierta, que cuenta la historia de un matrimonio que decide ampliar su vida sexual con otras personas, y Tengamos el sexo en paz, el monologo de una mujer sexualmente insatisfecha, interpretado por Charo Lopez.
The editors introduce their volume by claiming that Dario Fo and Franca Rame have not had their due from the world of criticism.
Aunque la importancia del Premio Nobel de Literatura Dario Fo al menos aporta su grano de arena por un italiano no dantesco; sin embargo, en honor a la verdad, no se recuerda ninguna produccion de sus obras en siciliano, sino mas bien prolijas traducciones al castellano y, por ello, en un lenguaje bastante neutralizado.
Dario Fo, the play's author and the 1997 winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature, is a "well-known Stalinist and anti-Catholic bigot," said William Donohue, president of the Catholic League.
But in a Continent liberated by American blood and treasure, this ''peace'' activist can, along with fellow European Nobelists Harold Pinter, Dario Fo and Jose Saramago, bash the U.
Dario Fo, the radical, Nobel Prize-winning Italian playwright and actor, has finally set his satirical sights on Italy's notorious prime minister, Silvio Berlusconi.
In Act 2, the tone and the language get a little friskier as adapters Borislav Pekic, Mikhail Bulgakov and especially Dario Fo take over.
The third production, Mistero Busso, by Dario Fo, is another oneman performance in which the actor focuses on comedy through a wide range of characters.
The bill includes Mistero Buffo by Dario Fo - a celebration of comic invention and the comedian.
Plan B found him cutting down on the bodies involved by going for Female Parts, the Dario Fo play with an intriguing title and - far more important in the current calculations at Hall Green - capable of being played by only two actresses and one actor.