Darius II


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Darius II,

d. 404 B.C., king of ancient Persia (423?–404 B.C.); son of Artaxerxes I and a concubine, hence sometimes called Darius Nothus [Darius the bastard]. His rule was not popular or successful, and he spent most of his reign in quelling revolts in Syria, Lydia (413), and Media (410). He lost Egypt (410), but through the diplomacy of PharnabazusPharnabazus
, d. after 374 B.C., Persian governor. He had an important satrapy in Asia Minor under Darius II and Artaxerxes II. He was responsible for the assassination (404 B.C.) of Alcibiades, and in the same year he supported Artaxerxes in the rebellion of Cyrus the Younger.
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, TissaphernesTissaphernes
, d. 395 B.C., Persian satrap of coastal Asia Minor (c.413–395 B.C.). He was encouraged by Alcibiades (412) to intervene in the Peloponnesian War in support of Sparta.
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, and Cyrus the YoungerCyrus the Younger,
d. 401 B.C., Persian prince, younger son of Darius II and Parysatis. He was his mother's favorite, and she managed to get several satrapies in Asia Minor for him when he was very young.
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 he secured much influence in Greece in the Peloponnesian War. Artaxerxes IIArtaxerxes II,
d. 358 B.C., king of ancient Persia (404–358 B.C.), son and successor of Darius II. He is sometimes called in Greek Artaxerxes Mnemon [the thoughtful]. Early in his reign Cyrus the Younger attempted to assassinate him and seize the throne.
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 succeeded Darius, but the succession was challenged by Cyrus the Younger.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Naqsh-e Rostam embraces the tombs of four Achaemenid kings, believed to be Darius II, Artaxerxes I, Darius I and Xerxes I.
Drawing on the methodology established for earlier studies of court litigation procedure in Mesopotamian history--i.e., classification of cuneiform litigation records and attention to legal terminology as the basis for description of the adjudicatory process--Holtz (Yeshiva U.) surveys the adjudicatory procedures found in the records of the Neo-Babylonian period (employing a broad use of the term that includes texts that date to the reign of the Babylonian Kings from Nebuchadnezzar II onwards to Darius II and the earlier Achaemenid emperors).
1' (567/66 B.C., Nebuchadnezzar II) (549/48 B.C., Nabonidus) (531/30 B.C., Cyrus) (513/12 B.C., Darius I) 5' (495/94 B.C.) (477/76 B.C., Xerxes) (459/58 B.C., Artaxerxes I) (441/40 B.C.) (423/22 B.C., Darius II) 10' (405/4 B.C.) (387/86 B.C., Artaxerxes II) (369/68 B.C.) (351/50 B.C., Artaxerxes III) (333/32 B.C., Darius III) 15' (315/14 B.C., Antigonus) (297/96 B.C., Seleucus) (279/78 B.C.) (261/60 B.C.) (243/42 B.C.) Rev.
Naqsh-e Rustam is home to the tombs of the Achaemenid Kings Darius I, Xerxes I, Artaxerxes I and Darius II, as well as several other sites dating back to the Elamite and Sassanid eras.
A[r.sup.[contains]]ennu: add Ar-ri-en-nu, proprietor of a royal landgrant (nidinti sarri) VAT, 156199:5 (Kasr archive, chive, year 9 of Darius II).