archive

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archive

Computing data transferred to a tape or disk for long-term storage rather than frequent use
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

archive

(file format)
A single file containing one or (usually) more separate files plus information to allow them to be extracted (separated) by a suitable program.

Archives are usually created for software distribution or backup. tar is a common format for Unix archives, and arc or PKZIP for MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows.

archive

(operating system)
To transfer files to slower, cheaper media (usually magnetic tape) to free the hard disk space they occupied. This is now normally done for long-term storage but in the 1960s, when disk was much more expensive, files were often shuffled regularly between disk and tape.

archive

(networking)
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

archive

(1) (noun) A file that contains one or more compressed files. Most archive formats are also capable of maintaining the folder structure in order to reconstruct the file/folder relationship when decompressed.

One File Is Easier to Distribute
More often than not, archives are used to combine several files into one for distribution. Depending on the type of data, the compression algorithm may reduce the files a lot or a little; however, the size reduction is often not important. It is the convenience of distributing one file and referencing only one file name. See self-extracting archive and archive formats.

(2) (verb) To compress one or more files and folders into a single file for backup or transport. Although archived files may remain in the same computer, the word "archive" implies data retention, and archived data is often stored in a secondary location for backup and historical purposes. See archive program, archive formats, backup software, active archiving and HSM.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Based on the input of the consultants, our interests in music preservation, and a particularly substantive conversation with LOCKSS' executive director Victoria Reich, we decided to focus our efforts on creating a dark archive of online-only music.
Digital preservation (according to agency-controlled triggers to free content from a dark archive)
Gale, part of Cengage Learning, recently included the phrase "trigger events" in its press release announcing it is backing up its databases on Portico as what it calls a dark archive. The release said:
(Indeed, there was the rather mind-numbing revelation that I have read this before.) But one trend that was apparent was a call by some publishers proposing the formation of a dark archive where the NIH serves as a repository of links rather than actually holding the text.
This section has been called the "Dark Archive" provision.
A Public Digital Repository would function as a dark archive. Groups of photographs could be deposited and withdrawn as needed, but it would not necessarily provide the capability for the public to search or view individual images.