Date Mussel

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Date Mussel

 

(Lithophaga lithophaga), a mollusk of the class Bivalvia. The elongated (up to 10 cm), cylindrical shell is rounded at both ends and covered with a thick, brown, horny layer—the periostracum. Along the rim of the mantle are glands that secrete an acidic secretion, by means of which the mussel bores passages in limestone rocks, where it lives. The date mussel inhabits the Mediterranean and Red seas and is found along the western coast of Africa. It is particularly numerous in coral reefs (up to 1,000 individuals per sq m). The mussel is used as food.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The Asian Date Mussel was one of the invasive species detected in Southampton Waters
In addition, reports exist for bivalves characterized as endangered species, such as the fan mussel Pinna nobilis Linnaeus 1758 (Katsanevakis 2005, Galinou-Mitsoudi 2006b, Katsanevakis 2006, Katsanevakis 2007), and the European date mussel Lithophaga lithophaga Linnaeus 1758 (Galinou-Mitsoudi & Sinis 1994, Galinou-Mitsoudi & Sinis 1997a, Galinou-Mitsoudi & Sinis 1997b).
Reproductive cycle and fecundity of the date mussel Lithophaga lithophaga (Bivalvia: Mytilidae).
Ontogenesis and settlement of the date mussel Lithophaga lithophaga (L.
It will also push for better protection of the European date mussel, already strictly protected under the Habitats Directive.
Reef corals become less diverse and ultimately less abundant in waters with more available nutrients, while bioeroders (such as Lithophaga date mussels) become more active and primary production shifts progressively from animals having endozoic algal mutualists to benthic seaweeds to phytoplankton.