dative

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dative

(dā`tĭv) [Lat.,=giving], in Latin grammar, the casecase,
in language, one of the several possible forms of a given noun, pronoun, or adjective that indicates its grammatical function (see inflection); in inflected languages it is usually indicated by a series of suffixes attached to a stem, as in Latin amicus,
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 typically used to refer to an indirect object, i.e., a secondary recipient of an action. For example, him in I gave him a book is translated in Latin by a dative case. The Latin dative also has other uses; and the cases called dative in other languages correspond in their grammatical function only in part to that of the Latin. The residual dative case in English was treated in the early work of Noam ChomskyChomsky, Noam
, 1928–, educator and linguist, b. Philadelphia. Chomsky, who has taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology since 1955, developed a theory of transformational (sometimes called generative or transformational-generative) grammar that revolutionized
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.
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References in periodicals archive ?
dativ pripadanja (dativus possessivus): Oprala mu je glavu.
eticki dativ (dativus ethicus): Bas si mi ti neki heroj.
S druge strane, Engel (1994: 159) dativ pripadanja smatra dopunom, ali ne glagola vec imenice, tj.
Buduci da u tome razdoblju jos ne postoji svjesno obiljezavanje sintaktickih funkcija (Tomasello, 2006), neznatno se pojavljivanje kosih padeza (akuzativ, genitiv, lokativ i dativ) moze objasniti okamenjenim izrazima (koji imaju istu funkciju kao i holofraze, odnosno cjelovito su nauceni iskaz koji se upotrebljava da bi se iskazala cjelokupna komunikacijska nakana o odredenoj iskustvenoj sceni).
Medu pojavnicama nominativ je zastupljen s 51,54%, genitiv sa 6,15%, dativ s 0,77%, akuzativ s 33,07%, lokativ s 3,85%, a instrumental s 4,62%.
Medu pojavnicama nominativ je zastupljen s 41,71%, genitiv s 25,2%, dativ s 0,79%, akuzativ s 23,64%, lokativ s 1,57%, a instrumental sa 7,09%.
Key words: subject, quasi subject, syntactic functions of datives, morphosyntax, semantics, pragmatics, Croatian
To analyze the datives in (9)-(11) as indirect objects is even less acceptable, because the object is the entitity to which energy is transferred in the action chain, not the entity from which energy emanates (compare Dao mi je novce 'He gave me the money', where the dative mi ('me') is indirect object in the dative).