Datura


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Related to Datura: Datura stramonium, Brugmansia

Datura

 

a genus of plants of the family Solanaceae. The plants are grasses, more rarely bushes and trees. The blossoms are large and pentagonal; the corolla is a hornlike funnel. There are more than ten species, primarily in the tropics and subtropics.

Common Datura (D. stramonium), or thorn apple, is found in the USSR. It is an annual plant growing to 1.2 m, with scaly, indented, lobed leaves. The blossoms are single and white. The fruit is a pod, covered with sharp spikes. It grows as a weed along the edges of pastures, in refuse areas, and the like. It is also found along the banks of rivers and streams in the southern half of the European part of the USSR, in the Caucasus, Western Siberia and Middle Asia. It is cultivated for medicinal purposes in Krasnoiarsk Krai, southern Ukraine. All parts of the plant contain poisonous alkaloids (hyoscyamine, scopolamine, and atropine). The dried leaves are used in compounding asthmatine and asthmatol, preparations for treating bronchial asthma.

Harmless, or Indian, Datura (D. innoxia) is cultivated in the southern regions of the USSR. It is originally from Central and South America. D. metel, from southern Asia, is also cultivated; its unripened fruits contain scopolamine. Certain annual varieties (D. fastuosa, D. humilis) are raised in gardens, while perennials (D. arborea, D. sanguinea) are grown in outdoor gardens and in rooms as decoratives.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.

T. V. EGOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
1, 2 y 3), se revela un compuesto mayoritario que eluye a los 17.809 min en las tres estructuras analizadas de la planta, el cual al ser comparado con la biblioteca W10N11, confirma que los compuestos de mayor presencia en la raiz (a), tallo (b) y hoja (c) de Datura stramonium son la atropina y la hiosciamina.
Recently datura has come to prominence by giving relief to Parkinson's sufferers, it is said to decrease the tremors and restore some level of speech.
However, the Xanthium strumarium, Solanum nigrum and Datura innoxia could only persist in the range of OM-1.
Datura plants have a total alkaloid content of 0.2% to 0.6%; the third is scopolamine; two-thirds are of hyoscyamine and atropine.
Agarwal and Dev (2013) tested the aqueous extract of six plants: cuscuta (Cuscutareflexa), kaner (Thevetia nerefolia), parthenium (Parthenium histrophorus), karanj (Pangamapinnata), Dhatura (Datura latifolia) and neem seed kernel extract (Azadirachta indica) at 2% and 5% concentration observed the effects of pupal dipping in 2% and 5% plant extracts in the laboratory and observed the adult emergence and % pupal mortality of B.
In our study we have used Datura stramonium in co-culture with tomato, as this species has many applications in many fields such as ornamentation, environment (water and soil pollution control) and especially in the fight Biological control of pests such as mites and whiteflies [5].
Keywords: Datura stramonium, anticholinergic, poisoning
Kalmegh (Andrographis paniculata) leaf, Neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf, Datura (Datura stramonium) leaf, Nilgiri (Eucalyptus citriodora) leaf, Karange (Pongamia pinnata) leaf, Garlic (Allium sativum) bulb, Jangli tulshi (Hiptis suaveolens) leaf, Kara (Holarrhena antidysenterica) leaf and Onion (Allium cepa) bulb extract were all sprayed @ 2.0 % along one standard fungicides Hinosan (Ediphenphos) @ 0.1% and untreated check for the control of blast disease of finger millet caused by Pyricularia grisea.
Risk of death was highest for Cleistanthus (83.3%) and strychnine (83.3%) followed by oleander (50%), Gloriosa (50%), and Datura (16%).
Datura has played a major role in religious rites and medicine (Richard, 2002).
So this study has been planned to investigate and compare the phytochemicals mineral composition and vitamin C contents of two indigenous medicinal plants Datura stramonium and Nerium oleander.
We were very interested to read the article by Kelly Melvin and David Hourani in the January/February 2014 issue of the West Virginia Medical Journal regarding a case of Datura stramonium ingestion being misdiagnosed as cathinone intoxication.