Daubigny, Charles-François

Daubigny, Charles-François

(shärl-fräNswä` dōbēnyē`), 1817–78, French landscape painter. He went to Italy early in life and later studied in Paris with Paul DelarocheDelaroche, Hippolyte
, 1797–1856, French historical and portrait painter, known as Paul Delaroche. He studied with Gros. The exhibition of his large Joas Saved by Josabeth in 1822 brought him a popularity that continued throughout his life.
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. Although usually classed with the Barbizon schoolBarbizon school
, an informal school of French landscape painting that flourished c.1830–1870. Its name derives from the village of Barbizon, a favorite residence of the painters associated with the school.
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, he never lived in Barbizon. His last 30 years were spent largely in his houseboat on the Seine and the Oise, and he is best known for his pictures of the banks of those rivers. He was particularly successful in his atmospheric depiction of dawn, twilight, and moonlight. His innovative later pictures depict natural light through color, using light reflected from surfaces to create effects of space; he often applied wet paint on wet paint and used new synthetic pigments. The paintings are now considered forerunners of impressionismimpressionism,
in painting, late-19th-century French school that was generally characterized by the attempt to depict transitory visual impressions, often painted directly from nature, and by the use of pure, broken color to achieve brilliance and luminosity.
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. MonetMonet, Claude
, 1840–1926, French landscape painter, b. Paris. Monet was a founder of impressionism. He adhered to its principles throughout his long career and is considered the most consistently representative painter of the school as well as one of the foremost painters
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 and BoudinBoudin, Eugène Louis
, 1824–98, French painter. He began painting at 25 in Paris. His best-known paintings are beach scenes of Brittany, Normandy, and the Netherlands.
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 were especially attentive to his work. Daubigny's work is well represented in the Louvre, the Mesdag Collection (The Hague), the National Gallery (London), and the Metropolitan Museum. Characteristic are his Moonrise at Auvers (or Return of the Flock) and Moonlight. His son Karl Pierre Daubigny, 1846–86, painted in his father's manner.
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