The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the remains of an ancient town with a trading quarter and harbor on the left bank of the Daugava River (Zapadnaia Dvina), 22 km southeast of Riga (Latvian SSR). Excavations were conducted in 1933, 1935–37, and 1966–70. The oldest finds (bronze sickles and stone implements) date from the end of the second millennium B.C. A fortified settlement arose there at the beginning of the Common Era. It flourished in the 10th to 12th century when Daugmale, with its ethnically mixed population (Livs and Zemgali), became the center of trade and crafts. In the strata of this time there have been found dwellings, workshops, and service buildings, as well as many work implements, handcrafted articles, and various imported articles (including glass beads, bronze and silver ingots, ancient Russian slate weights for spindles, and Arabic, Byzantine, and Western European coins). The Daugmale fortifications, following their destruction at the end of the 12th century, were never rebuilt.


Urtan, V. A. Raboty Daugmal’skoi ekspeditsii. In the collection Arkheologicheskie otkrytiia (1967–70). Moscow, 1968–71.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Most abundant are antler and bone artefacts from the hill forts and settlements of Rouge, Iru and Otepaa in Estonia, and especially from Daugmale in Latvia (Luik 2005).
In Pomerania, the hill-forts of Bardy and Kolobrzeg-Budzistowo, in Latvia for instance Daugmale, in Estonia the large 12th century hill-forts Varbola, Poide and Pada can be cited as the best examples.
Such difference in gender has been reported for instance in Kaupang, southern Norway (Blindheim & Heyerdahl-Larsen 1995) and Kopparsvik in Visby on Gotland (Lindquist 2003) (5); it also seems to be the case at Laukskola, the biggest Livonian cemetery close to the trade centre of Daugmale in the lower reaches of the River Daugava (6).