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city (1990 pop. 95,333), seat of Scott co., E central Iowa, on the Mississippi River; inc. 1836. Bridges connect it with the Illinois cities of Rock IslandRock Island,
city (1990 pop. 40,552), seat of Rock Island co., NW Ill., on the Mississippi and Rock rivers, adjacent to Moline and opposite Davenport, Iowa; inc. 1841. These three cities, with Bettendorf, Iowa, are called the Quad Cities.
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 and MolineMoline
, city (1990 pop. 43,202), Rock Island co., NW Ill., on the Mississippi River, in a coal area; inc. 1848. It is a transportation and industrial center, and has been a major producer of farm machinery since the industrialist John Deere moved there in 1847.
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; the three communities and neighboring BettendorfBettendorf
, city (1990 pop. 28,132), Scott co., E Iowa, on the Mississippi River; settled c.1840, inc. 1903. Manufactures include transportation equipment, asphalt, pools and spas, and electronic products; there is metal processing. Bettendorf's growth in the late 20th cent.
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, Iowa, are known as the Quad Cities. Davenport is a rail, commercial, and industrial center. Its chief manufactures are food, fabricated metal products, and apparel. An early trading post was on the site, and the treaty ending the Black Hawk WarBlack Hawk War,
conflict between the Sac and Fox and the United States in 1832. After the War of 1812, whites settling the Illinois country exerted pressure on the Native Americans.
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 was signed there in 1832. Davenport prospered with the arrival (1856) of the first railroad to bridge the Mississippi and had heavy river traffic in the late 19th cent. It is the seat of St. Ambrose College, Marycrest College, and the Palmer College of Chiropractic (developed by the son of D. D. PalmerPalmer, Daniel David,
1845–1913, American founder of chiropractic, b. near Toronto, Canada. He practiced and taught chiropractic, chiefly in Davenport, Iowa. His work was carried on and extended by his son, Bartlett J. Palmer.
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). Also in the city are museums of art and of history and natural sciences and several parks, including Credit Island, a battle site in the War of 1812. Unlike many cities on the Mississippi, Davenport remains unprotected by a large floodwall, which puts riverfront areas at risk for occasional flooding. A large roller-gate dam and several locks, built there by the federal government, raise the water level of the river.