David Ben-Gurion

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Ben-Gurion, David

(bĕn-go͞o`rēŏn), 1886–1973, Israeli statesman, b. Plońsk, Poland, as David Grün. He settled in Palestine in 1906, but lived for periods of time in Istanbul, London, and New York. He was an active Zionist and during World War I helped to organize the Jewish Legion in support of the British. In the struggle to found an independent Jewish state in Palestine he followed a policy of cooperation with the British during World War II, but led the political struggle against them and authorized sabotage activities after the war. A founder and leader of the Labor (Mapai) party and an early leader of the Histadrut (the trade-union federation), he was the first (1948–53) prime minister of the newly created state of Israel. In 1955 he returned to the cabinet as defense minister under Moshe Sharett and later that year again became prime minister, reflecting a shift in Israeli policy toward confrontation with Israel's hostile Arab neighbors. Amid growing controversy he resigned in Feb., 1961, but was quickly returned to office. He again resigned in June, 1963. In retirement Ben-Gurion continued to be politically active, forming a splinter party from the dominant Labor party in 1965. A selection of his writings was published as Rebirth and Destiny of Israel (1954); he also wrote Israel: Years of Challenge (1965), Israel's Security (1960), The Jews in Their Land (1966), Memoirs (1970), Israel: A Personal History (1971), and My Talks with the Arabs (1973).

Bibliography

See biographies by M. Edelman (1964), M. Bar-Zohar (tr. 1967), O. Zmora, ed. (1967), R. St. John (rev. ed. 1971), and A. Shapira (2014).

Ben-Gurion, David

 

Born Oct. 16, 1886, in Plonsk, Poland. Israeli political figure.

Ben-Gurion graduated from the law faculty of the University of Istanbul. One of the leaders of the Zionist movement, he was prime minister and defense minister from 1948 to 1953 and from 1955 to 1963, with an interruption in 1961. He was an organizer and head of the right-socialist Zionist party Mapai. In 1965 he founded a new party, Rafi, from the most extremist elements of the Mapai Party. An adherent of the expansionist course in Israel’s policy, he is one of the instigators of aggressive ventures against Arab countries.

References in periodicals archive ?
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In 1951, when Israeli Prime Minister David Ben Gurion sought to promote U.
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The book traces the development of the idea of the state from Theodor Herzl (1860-1904) to his ideological heir, David Ben Gurion (1886-1973), and chronicles their political and ideological battles with other Jewish leaders.
Among the main leaders of this Zionist socialist phenomenon was David Ben Gurion.
Israel should have done what its founder, David Ben Gurion, an old, emaciated man in 1967, thought it should: Get out of the occupied territories and negotiate a peace settlement.
A prominent Reform Rabbi, Ezra Spicehandler, arranged for HUC students to meet and express their concerns to David Ben Gurion, the first Israeli Prime Minister.
It was David Ben Gurion, the First Prime Minister of Israel who convinced Schwimmer to go to Israel to start the Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) which became the major arms manufacturer for Israel's defense.
Israel's new Prime Minister, David Ben Gurion, has only been back in power two days and within that short time has succeeded in setting the border with Egypt alight.
Summary: PARIS: Pro-Palestinian protesters hurled hostile slogans at Israeli President Shimon Peres on a Paris quay Thursday as they protested the unveiling of a plaque renaming an embankment along the Seine River after Israel's founding father, David Ben Gurion.
Also Thursday, Peres inaugurated a Parisian promenade named after Israeli leader David Ben Gurion.
El 14 de 1948 David Ben Gurion proclamayo mo la fundacion del Estado de Israel en un museo de la avenida Rotschild en la ciudad de Tel Aviv.