David Ben-Gurion


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Related to David Ben-Gurion: Yasser Arafat, Moshe Dayan

Ben-Gurion, David

(bĕn-go͞o`rēŏn), 1886–1973, Israeli statesman, b. Plońsk, Poland, as David Grün. He settled in Palestine in 1906, but lived for periods of time in Istanbul, London, and New York. He was an active Zionist and during World War I helped to organize the Jewish Legion in support of the British. In the struggle to found an independent Jewish state in Palestine he followed a policy of cooperation with the British during World War II, but led the political struggle against them and authorized sabotage activities after the war. A founder and leader of the Labor (Mapai) party and an early leader of the Histadrut (the trade-union federation), he was the first (1948–53) prime minister of the newly created state of Israel. In 1955 he returned to the cabinet as defense minister under Moshe Sharett and later that year again became prime minister, reflecting a shift in Israeli policy toward confrontation with Israel's hostile Arab neighbors. Amid growing controversy he resigned in Feb., 1961, but was quickly returned to office. He again resigned in June, 1963. In retirement Ben-Gurion continued to be politically active, forming a splinter party from the dominant Labor party in 1965. A selection of his writings was published as Rebirth and Destiny of Israel (1954); he also wrote Israel: Years of Challenge (1965), Israel's Security (1960), The Jews in Their Land (1966), Memoirs (1970), Israel: A Personal History (1971), and My Talks with the Arabs (1973).

Bibliography

See biographies by M. Edelman (1964), M. Bar-Zohar (tr. 1967), O. Zmora, ed. (1967), R. St. John (rev. ed. 1971), and A. Shapira (2014).

Ben-Gurion, David

 

Born Oct. 16, 1886, in Plonsk, Poland. Israeli political figure.

Ben-Gurion graduated from the law faculty of the University of Istanbul. One of the leaders of the Zionist movement, he was prime minister and defense minister from 1948 to 1953 and from 1955 to 1963, with an interruption in 1961. He was an organizer and head of the right-socialist Zionist party Mapai. In 1965 he founded a new party, Rafi, from the most extremist elements of the Mapai Party. An adherent of the expansionist course in Israel’s policy, he is one of the instigators of aggressive ventures against Arab countries.

References in periodicals archive ?
What emerges, then, in Aronson's book, which is an expanded and updated version of his 1999 Hebrew book, David Ben-Gurion and the Waning of an Age, is a refined and fresh, yet also critical and sincere, reconsidera-don of a political figure who has been at the heart of historical debates and current political discourse.
But Gorenberg argues convincingly that the longer Israel waits, the more it risks the civil war that David Ben-Gurion feared might happen sixty-three years ago.
Among many historians and politicians, David Ben-Gurion, IsraelA[sup.
at 27 (quoting David Ben-Gurion, Address to the Vaad Leumi (June 10, 1919) (citation omitted)).
Israeli President Shimon Peres surprised Israeli political circles when he showered Palestinian Prime Minister Salam Fayyad with praise over his plans to establish Palestinian state institutions, and called him "the Palestinian Ben-Gurion", with reference to Zionist leader David Ben-Gurion, the pan-Arab daily ASHARQ AL AWSAT reported Thursday.
On 1 December 1973, David Ben-Gurion, a founder of the Israeli state and its first prime minister, died aged 87.
We must do everything to ensure they [the Palestinian refugees] never do return David Ben-Gurion, in his diary, 18 July 1948, quoted in Michael Bar Zohar's Ben-Gurion: the Armed Prophet, Prentice-Hall, 1967, p.
It marked the collapse of Labor, the party that can plausibly claim to have founded Israel and produced its most celebrated prime ministers, from David Ben-Gurion (as head of Labor's predecessor, Mapai), through Golda Meir to Yitzhak Rabin.
Green Leaf made its mark with a series of controversial televised campaign ads, including one that shows party chairman Gil Kopatch sitting on the grave of Israel's founder David Ben-Gurion, smoking a giant joint.
Though many decision-makers in Israel were alarmed by the threat, Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion reasoned that over time the world would grow used to Israel's occupation of key strategic sites in the Sinai and instruct the military to withdraw slowly but to remain in the Gaza Strip and Sharam ash-Sheikh, a small town through which the Straits of Tiran are controlled.
recounts how David Ben-Gurion, isolated because of his support for the secret nuclear weapons program and arming to fight Arabs, stepped down as prime minister of Israel in June 1963; struggled to regain power for four years; was vindicated in 1967 by the Six-Day War; and was put out on the street again on the seventh day.