David Brewster

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Brewster, David


Born Dec. 11, 1781, in Jedburgh, Roxburghshire; died Feb. 10, 1868, in Allerby, Melrose. English physicist; member of the London Royal Society (1815).

Brewster studied in Edinburgh. From 1838 to 1859 he was director of the colleges and a professor at St. Andrews University and then at the University of Edinburgh. In 1849 he became president of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. Brewster described chromatic polarization in monaxial and biaxial crystals (1813-14). In 1815 he discovered the circular polarization of light and, while studying the polarization of light upon reflection, established the law that bears his name. Brewster discovered the phenomenon of double refraction in mediums with artificial anisotropy. He constructed lenses for lighthouses, invented the kaleidoscope (1817), and perfected the stereoscope. Brewster wrote a major biography of I. Newton.


Treatise on Optics. London, 1831.
Memoirs of the Life, Writings and Discoveries of Sir Isaac Newton, vols. 1-2. Edinburgh, 1855.


Kudriavtsev, P. S. Istoriia fiziki, vol. 1. Moscow, 1948.
References in periodicals archive ?
David Brewster, a senior analyst with the National Security College, Australian National University, has predicted greater strategic rivalry between major powers, including India and China, as both have an eye on expanding their roles and presence in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR).
The kaleidoscope was invented in 1816 by the Scottish scientist Sir David Brewster.
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David Brewster, a visiting fellow at the Strategic andDefence Studies Centreat theAustralian National University, said it was surprising that the new data analysis was just coming to light.
David Brewster, a visiting fellow at the Strategic and Defence Studies Centre at the Australian National University, said it was surprising that the new data analysis was just coming to light.
EnerNOC president David Brewster commented that the two partners think that the Japanese market, with its enhanced focus on intelligent buildings and smart grids, was ready for adopting demand response.
Clarence's lawyer David Brewster added his client was sorry.
Which fascinating optical device was invented by Scottish physicist David Brewster in 1816?
Now Lennon, 40, is just hoping he will get the backing he needs from Cowden co-owners Alex and David Brewster to ensure the club get on a level financial footing for the challenge that lies ahead.
Managing director David Brewster believes the recordbreaking figure is down to a combination of pioneering technology and re-positioning the company as a niche provider of complex drainage solutions.
Jim Ajello, Senior Vice President, Reliant Energy-- John Anderson, CEO, ELCON-- Rich Barnes, President, KEMA Services-- Julie Blunden, Vice President, SunPower Corporation-- David Brewster, President and Co-Founder, enerNOC-- Deryl Brown, CEO, Hudson Energy-- Hon.
Later the English physicist David Brewster rediscovered the same effect.