David Brewster


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Brewster, David

 

Born Dec. 11, 1781, in Jedburgh, Roxburghshire; died Feb. 10, 1868, in Allerby, Melrose. English physicist; member of the London Royal Society (1815).

Brewster studied in Edinburgh. From 1838 to 1859 he was director of the colleges and a professor at St. Andrews University and then at the University of Edinburgh. In 1849 he became president of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. Brewster described chromatic polarization in monaxial and biaxial crystals (1813-14). In 1815 he discovered the circular polarization of light and, while studying the polarization of light upon reflection, established the law that bears his name. Brewster discovered the phenomenon of double refraction in mediums with artificial anisotropy. He constructed lenses for lighthouses, invented the kaleidoscope (1817), and perfected the stereoscope. Brewster wrote a major biography of I. Newton.

WORKS

Treatise on Optics. London, 1831.
Memoirs of the Life, Writings and Discoveries of Sir Isaac Newton, vols. 1-2. Edinburgh, 1855.

REFERENCE

Kudriavtsev, P. S. Istoriia fiziki, vol. 1. Moscow, 1948.
References in periodicals archive ?
This years theme, Kaleidoscope, was inspired by the optical instrument patented by Scottish scientist, Sir David Brewster in 1817 and Sir Isaac Newtons original seven hues (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet).
And a stand-off between John Suffern and David Brewster meant it fell to juvenile section judge Tom Stable from Cumbria to have the final say on the winner.
Some of the planned sequences have been designed to replicate the effect of a Kaleidoscope, which was invented in Scotland more than 200 years ago by David Brewster.
More than 1,200 performers will take part in the Tattoo, which this year is celebrating the Kaleidoscope - the Scottish optical instrument first patented by Sir David Brewster in 1817.
As analysts like David Brewster argue, international ships have no intention of stopping at Hambantota when the already established 'excellent' port of Colombo was nearby,' Sanoj Jayakody said.
David Brewster, a Sri Lanka specialist at the Australian National University's National Security College, likens the project to a Chinese company building a huge island off Sydney's Bondi Beach and then putting a new city on it.
The last addition to the Hall of Heroes was Scottish physicist Sir David Brewster, whose bust was installed in 1907.
Edited by David Brewster. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2018.
David Brewster of the National Security College at the Australian National University, said the majority belief in Pakistan that the CPEC will "save" the country is dangerous for two major reasons:
In fact, the gambit portrayed in Trial by Fire is one of the gimmicks exposed in Letters on Natural Magic (1832), written by scientist David Brewster, who notes that monks and ecclesiastics likely saved themselves from the flames by applying special balms to their hands.
The kaleidoscope was invented in 1816 by the Scottish scientist Sir David Brewster. He meant it to be a tool to help study the polarization of light, but it soon caught on as a child's toy.
David Brewster, 42, of Corporation Road, Birkenhead, was charged with two offences of handling stolen goods and offences under the Proceeds of Crime Act, and has been bailed to appear in court.