David Davis


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Davis, David,

1815–86, American jurist, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1862–77), b. Cecil co., Md., grad. Kenyon College, 1832; cousin of Henry Winter Davis. In 1836 he settled as a lawyer in Bloomington, Ill., his home thereafter. From 1848 to 1862 Davis presided over the eighth judicial circuit in Illinois, famous because Abraham Lincoln practiced in its courts. An intimate of Lincoln (the tall, spare Lincoln and the corpulent Davis often bunked together in traveling the circuit), he successfully managed his friend's campaign to secure the Republican nomination for the presidency at Chicago in 1860. Davis and Leonard Swett, another lawyer from the eighth circuit active in Lincoln's cause, gave several political assurances without Lincoln's knowledge (notably one to Simon Cameron of Pennsylvania), which Lincoln reluctantly honored. Lincoln appointed (1862) Davis to the U.S. Supreme Court. Not especially learned in the law, he nevertheless wrote one of the most important opinions in the history of the court in Ex parte Milligan (1866). The decision, denouncing arbitrary military power, became famous as one of the bulwarks of civil liberty in the United States. Davis, who did not allow his judicial position to interfere with his political ambitions, was nominated for President by the Labor Reform Convention at Columbus, Ohio, in 1872, but withdrew when he failed to win the nomination of the Liberal Republican partyLiberal Republican party,
in U.S. history, organization formed in 1872 by Republicans discontented at the political corruption and the policies of President Grant's first administration. Other disaffected elements were drawn into the party.
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 as well. In 1877 he resigned from the court to serve (1877–83) as U.S. Senator from Illinois.

Bibliography

See biography by W. L. King (1960).

Davis, David

(1815–86) Supreme Court justice; born in Cecil County, Md. A close friend to Abraham Lincoln, he served as a circuit court judge in Illinois (1848–62) until President Lincoln named him to the U.S. Supreme Court (1862–77). A presidential hopeful in 1872, he stepped down from the court to serve the U.S. Senate (Dem., Ill.; 1876–83).
References in periodicals archive ?
London [UK], Jul 9 ( ANI ): The United Kingdom's Brexit Secretary David Davis resigned from his post on Sunday.
David Davis has delayed a grilling from MPs, originally planned for this week, until the last possible moment before Parliament goes on its summer break.
BORIS Johnson and David Davis are throwing their CE-marked toys out of the pram despite Theresa May proposing a better deal for the UK than other third-countries get.
Former KUSI-TV anchor and reporter David Davis died in a traffic accident near Dallas, the television station reported Wednesday evening.
David Davis, left, and Jacob Rees-Mogg 'Canada deal' urged THERESA MAY has been urged to grasp a "Canadastyle" trade deal with the EU by leading Brexiteers.
"They should be in and around that window when they come back - David Davis and Isaac Vassell."
Theresa May could face a no-confidence vote over her handling of EU talks, with Brexiteer David Davis being touted as a possible interim leader.
BIRMINGHAM'S former Guantanamo Bay inmate Moazzam Begg has praised David Davis's shock resignation from Westminster to highlight civil liberties.
THE scale of David Davis's folly must have finally dawned on him yesterday.
Ex-Lib Dem leader Tim Farron said: "David Davis has misled Parliament and, under his leadership, the Brexit department has turned incompetence into an art form."
NEW ROLE: Theresa May has taken over from David Davis as chairman of the Conservative Party