David Gill


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gill, David

 

Born June 12, 1843, in Aberdeen, Scotland; died Jan. 24, 1914, in London. Scottish astronomer.

From 1879 to 1907 he was the director of an observatory on the Cape of Good Hope. In 1880 he determined the solar parallax (from his observations of Mars in great opposition made in 1877) and made a photographic study of the southern sky (1885-89), which was used by the Dutch astronomer J. C. Kapteyn in cataloging the stars of the southern sky (1896). With the help of a heliometer Gill measured stellar parallax and observed the transit of Venus across the solar disk (1874); he also directed geodetic work in South America.

REFERENCES

Seleshnikov, S. I. Astronomiia i kosmonavtika. Kiev, 1967.
Pannekouk, A. Istoriia astronomii. Moscow, 1966. (Translated from English.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
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MANCHESTER UNITED chief executive David Gill has vowed not to betray the traditions of the club when he is eventually faced with the task of replacing Sir Alex Ferguson.
MANCHESTER UNITED chief executive David Gill today welcomed his club's half-year financial results as a ``strong performance during a difficult period on and off the pitch''.
He said too many members, including Manchester United chief executive David Gill had conflicts of interest.
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MANCHESTER United will this week announce a huge hike in ticket prices - despite assurances from chief executive David Gill that Malcolm Glazer is good for business.
MANCHESTER UNITED chief executive David Gill last night refuted suggestions that the current Old Trafford slump could be attributed to the sale of David Beckham to Real Madrid last summer.
Even though chief executive David Gill yesterday tried to put a brave face on figures, it seems Britain's most successful club has fallen victim to the credit crunch.
And, on the day chief executive David Gill ruled out the possibility of selling the 19-goal winger, even if bids reached pounds 50m, Ferguson waded into the fray once more.
MANCHESTER United's business bosses fear they will be wiped out in a cull that will leave only chief executive David Gill standing.
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MANCHESTER United chief executive David Gill has indicated their triple transfer swoop could mark the end of their significant summer outlay.