David Riazanov

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Riazanov, David Borisovich


(real surname Gol’dendakh). Born Mar. 10, 1870, in Odessa; died Jan. 21, 1938. Russian revolutionary.

Riazanov began his revolutionary work in 1887 in Odessa and St. Petersburg. For many years he lived abroad. He became a Menshevik after the Second Congress of the RSDLP. From 1905 to 1907 he worked in the Social Democratic fraction of the State Duma and the trade unions. In 1911 he lectured at the Party School in Longjumeau. On the instructions of the German Social Democrats, he worked on the publication of the works of K. Marx and F. Engels (two volumes were published in 1916) and the history of the First International.

After the February Revolution of 1917, Riazanov became a member of the Mezhraionnaia Organization, which subsequently joined the Bolshevik Party. He was active in trade union work. After the October Revolution of 1917 he supported the creation of a coalition government that would also include Mensheviks and Social Revolutionaries. In 1918, Riazanov left the Party because of differences over the conclusion of the Brest-Litovsk Treaty. In the discussion on trade unions of 1920 and 1921 he came out with an anti-Party platform and was dismissed from trade union work.

Riazanov was director of the Marx-Engels Institute from 1921 to 1931. He was editor of the first editions of the works of K. Marx and F. Engels, G. V. Plekhanov, and G. Hegel. He was a delegate to the Seventh through Sixteenth Congresses of the Party. Riazanov was expelled from the ACP(B) in February 1931 for his ties with the Menshevik center abroad.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(2) Decades later, Ld'shitz would recall a public discussion from 1930 with IME's director, David Riazanov, as the moment when he clarified the core of his philosophical subjectivity.
Foi o trabalho de David Riazanov no Instituto Marx e Engels e o projeto da Marx Engels Gesamtausgabe (Mega) que trouxeram a luz muitos desses textos ate entao originais (7).
One can wonder to what extent this is valid if we compare them with a very different list of European revolutionaries: Marx and Engels, the young Plekhanov, Kautsky, Rosa Luxemburg, Franz Mehring, Karl Liebknecht, Lenin and Trotsky and Bukharin, Christian Rakovsky, Alexandra Kollontai, David Riazanov, Antonio Gramsci, Georg Lukacs, etc.
Hunt has established his place in the tradition of outstanding Marx scholarship personified by Franz Mehring, Gustav Mayer, David Riazanov, and Boris Nicolaevsky.