David Davis

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Davis, David,

1815–86, American jurist, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1862–77), b. Cecil co., Md., grad. Kenyon College, 1832; cousin of Henry Winter Davis. In 1836 he settled as a lawyer in Bloomington, Ill., his home thereafter. From 1848 to 1862 Davis presided over the eighth judicial circuit in Illinois, famous because Abraham Lincoln practiced in its courts. An intimate of Lincoln (the tall, spare Lincoln and the corpulent Davis often bunked together in traveling the circuit), he successfully managed his friend's campaign to secure the Republican nomination for the presidency at Chicago in 1860. Davis and Leonard Swett, another lawyer from the eighth circuit active in Lincoln's cause, gave several political assurances without Lincoln's knowledge (notably one to Simon Cameron of Pennsylvania), which Lincoln reluctantly honored. Lincoln appointed (1862) Davis to the U.S. Supreme Court. Not especially learned in the law, he nevertheless wrote one of the most important opinions in the history of the court in Ex parte Milligan (1866). The decision, denouncing arbitrary military power, became famous as one of the bulwarks of civil liberty in the United States. Davis, who did not allow his judicial position to interfere with his political ambitions, was nominated for President by the Labor Reform Convention at Columbus, Ohio, in 1872, but withdrew when he failed to win the nomination of the Liberal Republican partyLiberal Republican party,
in U.S. history, organization formed in 1872 by Republicans discontented at the political corruption and the policies of President Grant's first administration. Other disaffected elements were drawn into the party.
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 as well. In 1877 he resigned from the court to serve (1877–83) as U.S. Senator from Illinois.

Bibliography

See biography by W. L. King (1960).

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Davis, David

(1815–86) Supreme Court justice; born in Cecil County, Md. A close friend to Abraham Lincoln, he served as a circuit court judge in Illinois (1848–62) until President Lincoln named him to the U.S. Supreme Court (1862–77). A presidential hopeful in 1872, he stepped down from the court to serve the U.S. Senate (Dem., Ill.; 1876–83).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
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Irene is survived by four children, Sue Dixon of Pinckneyville, Todd Dixon of Du Quoin, Clay Dixon, and wife, Evelyn, of Carterville, and Kent Dixon of Du Quoin; two sisters, Norma Jones of West Frankfort and Sharon Wright of Pinckneyville; three grandchildren, Seth Dixon, and wife, Nicole, of Du Quoin, Cory Dixon of New Baden, and Emily Crain, and husband, Stephen, of Chesterfield, Missouri; nine great-grandchildren: Collin Dixon, Kylie Dixon, Emmett Crain, Aiden Dixon, Matthew Rees, Michael Daniel, Makayla Davis, David Peters, Dayonna Peters and one on the way; and several nieces and nephews.
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The book contains interviews and chapter-length profiles of veteran and emerging professionals: Tob<AEe> Coller Davis, David Wolfe of the Doneger Group, Nelly Rodi, Kentaro Kawasaki, Valerie Wilson Trower, and Catriona Macnab.
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