Michael Davitt

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Davitt, Michael


Born Mar. 25, 1846, at Straide in County Mayo; died May 31, 1906, in Dublin. Irish revolutionary democrat.

The son of a small tenant farmer, Davitt began to participate actively in the Fenian movement in 1865, and in 1870 he was sentenced to 15 years of penal labor. He was freed in 1877 and kept under police surveillance. Recognizing the failure of the conspiratorial, terrorist tactics of the Fenians, he proposed combining a mass movement for agrarian reform with parliamentary and extraparliamentary struggle for national independence. In 1879, Davitt and Parnell organized the Land League. In 1890, Davitt broke with the bourgeois leaders of the movement for home rule.

Associating closely with the workers’ movement, Davitt accepted socialist ideas. He became a member of Parliament in 1895, but in 1899 he resigned in protest over the unleashing of the Boer War of 1899-1902. Davitt was an active participant in the Committee for Worker Representation. (Founded in 1900, the committee became the Labor Party in 1906.) He was sympathetic toward the revolutionary movement in Russia.


References in periodicals archive ?
joseph~s girls national school, davitt road, mountmellick, co.
Davitt will do so with a record studded with high-profile prosecutions.
While Peter encapsulated his experiences in paint, his friend Jack Davitt also left a record - in verse.
It's in the bag Daniel Clisset, Heather Clisset, Elizabeth Allan, Jean Love, Kathryn Davitt and Peter Donell
The conference, organised by The Moodie Davitt Report, ACI World and ACI Asia-Pacific, will be hosted by Hamad International Airport (HIA), Qatar Airways and Qatar Duty Free (QDF) from October 30 to 31, 2019.
Qatar Airways Group chief executive Akbar al-Baker and The Moodie Davitt Report founder and chairman Martin Moodie shaking hands after signing the partnership agreement for the event.
Irish singer Sinead O'Connor has announced she has converted to Islam and said she has changed her name to Shuhada' Davitt.
Irish singer Sinead O'Connor has revealed she has converted to Islam, taking the new name "Shuhada' Davitt".
Teachers Michael Davitt, from Clanmaurice Road, Donnycarney, and Seamus O Cearra, both 34, from Mount Symon Green, Clonsilla, were each ordered to donate [euro]800 to charity.
Mark and Maureen Davitt have given RIT $500,000 to create an endowed scholarship for graduate students from underrepresented groups, specifically graduates of the Rochester city schools.
Selon le site [beaucoup moins que] The Moodie Davitt [beaucoup plus grand que] qui rapporte l'information, HDF aurait repris un contrat de dix ans pour un [beaucoup moins que] grand complexe qui comprend un magasin hors taxe, trois petites boutiques et un espace de restauration ".
Dyna ddysgais i wedi bod yn amgueddfa Michael Davitt yn Swydd Mayo, Gorllewin Iwerddon.