Louis Nicolas Davout

(redirected from Davout)

Davout, Louis Nicolas


Born May 10, 1770, in An-noux, Burgundy; died June 1, 1823, in Paris. Marshal of France (1804), duke Auerstädt (1808), and prince of Eckmühl (1809).

In 1788, Davout graduated from the Paris Military School. During the French Revolution of 1789 he went over to the side of the revolutionary populace. From 1794 to 1797 he served as brigadier general in the Army of the Rhine. He took part in the Egyptian Expedition of 1798–99, and during 1800–01 he commanded the cavalry of Bonaparte’s Italian Army. Between 1805 and 1814, Davout commanded a corps and actively participated in all the Napoleonic Wars. In 1807 he was governor of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, and during 1813–14 he directed the defense of Hamburg against the Russian and Prussian armies. During the One Hundred Days Davout was Napoleon’s minister of war. After the coronation of the Bourbons he lost his ranks and titles, but they were restored to him in 1817. Davout was a peer of France from 1819.

References in classic literature ?
But instead of that, at the next village the sentinels of Davout's infantry corps detained him as the pickets of the vanguard had done, and an adjutant of the corps commander, who was fetched, conducted him into the village to Marshal Davout.
Contract notice: asbestos removal and demolition / deconstruction of buildings located 73-73bis, 75 bld davout 75020 paris
This is especially true later in the book when the reader is taken back in time as the allies prepared to drive on Paris in 1814, to the summer of 1813 when Clausewitz assumed the role of chief of staff to the corps of General Count Ludwig von Wallmoden-Gimborn observing Marshal Louis-Nicolas Davout in Hamburg.
His biography of Louis Davout, The Iron Marshal [1976], emphasized the role of Napoleon's most capable commander and established the author as a stalwart in the field.
Institut national d'etudes demographiques and Ecole des hautes etudes en sciences sociales, Paris, France Corresponding author: Ined, 133, bld Davout, 75980 Paris cedex 20, France.
Some advisers, including his brother Lucien and his military commander Davout, wanted Napoleon to dissolve the hostile Chamber of Deputies and to rule as a dictator, thus bringing to an end the constitutional government of Louis XVIII that he had continued in an attempt to curry popularity.
Speaking hours after the latest court ruling, their lawyer, Davout Wolhuter, said the couple were 'totally freaked out' but would hand themselves over for voluntary arrest and appearance in a magistrates court while considering legal counter-measures.
We might well agree; but it must also be agreed that even in historical descriptions not everything is true by a long way, and that these characters who never actually existed illumine that internal side of the battle better than the majority of multi-tomed descriptions of wars in which faceless characters pass fleetingly by and instead of names like Napoleon, Davout, Ney and so on you might just as well insert numbers or letters without any great loss.
Pierre freezes, then starts to answer, but Davout interrupts him, speaking to another general.
Another moment and Davout would have understood that they were doing a bad thing, but the adjutant who came in had prevented that moment.
uk: # Two-night break in Paris at the three-star Comfort Hotel Davout Nation, flying from Edinburgh on August 17, from pounds 154.
Segur makes the point that Bonaparte's most trusted marshals -- Davout, Murat, Bessieres -- tried to dissuade him from leaving Smolensk and advancing on Moscow.