Aung San Suu Kyi

(redirected from Daw Aung San Suu Kyi)
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Aung San Suu Kyi

(ouN săn so͞o chē), 1945–, Burmese political leader, B.A. Oxford, 1969, Ph.D. Univ. of London, 1985. The daughter of assassinated (1947) nationalist general U Aung San, who is regarded as the founder of modern Myanmar, she lived outside the country after 1960. Returning in 1988 to care for her dying mother, she joined the opposition to U Ne WinNe Win, U
, 1911–2002, Burmese soldier and political leader. He abandoned his original name, Shu Maung, in 1941 when he joined a Japanese-supported nationalist military group. Becoming commander of the Burmese Independence Army in 1943, he later turned against the Japanese.
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 and became leader of the National League for Democracy (NLD). Her outspoken criticism of the military leaders of MyanmarMyanmar
or Burma
, officially Republic of the Union of Myanmar, republic (2005 est. pop. 42,909,000), 261,789 sq mi (678,033 sq km), SE Asia. It is bounded on the west by Bangladesh, India, and the Bay of Bengal; on the north and northeast by China; on the east by Laos
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 and the memory of her father made her a symbol of popular desire for political freedom and a focus of opposition to the dictatorship. In July, 1989, she was placed under house arrest. The NLD won 80% of the seats in 1990 elections for parliament, but the military refused to yield power. Awarded the 1990 Sakharov Prize from the European Parliament and the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize for her nonviolent struggle, she remained under house arrest until 1995 and was subsequently subject to severe restrictions.

Suu Kyi was again subjected to house arrest or detention from Sept., 2000 to May, 2002, and from May, 2003, to Nov., 2010. Myanmar's military government adopted constitutional (2008) and electoral (2010) restrictions designed to prevent her from running for office or heading a political party. The NLD declined to reregister (2010) under the new election law and was dissolved by the government before the Nov., 2010, voting. Improved relations under President Thein SeinThein Sein
, 1945–, Burmese general and political leader. A graduate of the Defense Services Academy, he commanded an infantry battalion and later served under strongman Than Shwe when he was military commander-in-chief.
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 led to the NLD's recognition by 2012, when Suu Kyi announced she would be a candidate in the 2012 elections for parliament; she and more than 40 NLD candidates won seats. In the 2015 elections the NLD won solid majorities in both houses of parliament. Banned under the constitution from serving as president, she became (2016) foreign minister and state counselor (a prime-minister-like post). In 2017 she was widely criticized internationally for not denouncing the military's ethnic cleansing campaign against the Muslim Rohingya minority.

Bibliography

See biographies by J. Wintle (2008) and P. Popham (2012).

Aung San Suu Kyi

born 1945, Burmese politician; cofounder (1988) and general secretary (1988--91; 1995-- ) of the National League for Democracy: Nobel peace prize 1991
References in periodicals archive ?
New Delhi [India], Jan 25 ( ANI ): On the eve of the ASEAN-India Commemorative Summit (AICS) marking 25 years of India-ASEAN partnership, Prime Minister Narendra Modi held separate bilateral meetings with Myanmar State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc and Philippines President Rodrigo Roa Duterte on Wednesday.
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi has realized this and obviously does not seek "abrupt changes," and hopes to bring about a steady transition of rule from decades of military dominance, because the country lacks the cross-cutting cleavages to allow democratic change to take off because the nation that the NLD inherits is far from adopting universal values, with interests Balkanized along economic, ethnic and political lines.
The Secretary-General extends his warm congratulations to the National League for Democracy (NLD) and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi for their landmark performance at the elections and to the Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) for its dignified acceptance of the verdict of the people.
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi accepted the invitation during a recent meeting with UNAIDS Executive Director Michel Sidibe at her residence in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar's capital city.
On Suu Kyi, Obama said, "We were inspired by the fierce dignity of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, as she proved that no human being can truly be imprisoned if hope burns in your heart.
The centre for Conflict Transformation and Peace Building was renamed Daw Aung San Suu Kyi Centre in her honour.
Despite significant progress - President U Thein Sein has freed hundreds of political prisoners, removed officials resistant to reform and allowed opposition leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and her party to run for Parliament - the country could easily slide back into authoritarianism, and there are disturbing reports of forced labor and human rights abuses.
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi has been a source of inspiration for millions around the world, he said adding, My late wife Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto held her in high esteem.
Yangon, January 26, 2012 (Frontier Star): President Asif Ali Zardari on Wednesday conferred the Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Award upon Daw Aung San Suu Kyi in recognition of her outstanding services for promotion of democracy in Myanmar.
The deep-seated obstacles include the fact that, for the past twenty years, the focus of US policy has almost exclusively been on the personal leadership of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi framed in terms of democracy and human rights.
The government of Japan views the release of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi as a step forward.
The three demands of the protesters - lowering consumer prices, release of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and political prisoners, and national reconciliation - cannot be satisfied through protest," the Englishlanguage paper said.