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general name for the native population of the island of Kalimantan, including a number of tribes and nationalities; they number approximately 2 million (1967, estimate). Their languages belong to the Indonesian group of the Malayan-Polynesian language family. In addition to the traditional religion (a belief in various gods and spirits), Islam is also practiced.

There are significant differences in language and culture among the Dayak tribes and nationalities, some of the larger of which are the Ngadju, Klemantan, Ot-Danom. Bahau, Iban, Kayan. Kenyah, and Murut. At one time, the Dayaks inhabited the entire island; in the 13th century Malayan immigrants began to settle the island’s coastal region and gradually moved inland. The Dayaks have preserved remnants of their tribal kinship division. Their chief pursuits are rotating hoe farming (rice), hunting, fishing, gathering, and various handicrafts.


Narody lugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow. 1966. (Bibliography.)
Kennedy, R. Islands and Peoples of the Indies. Washington. 1943.
References in periodicals archive ?
I will analyse the legal foundation of the programme and the changing status of adat land and elaborate on the question of whether the scheme secures the access and rights to land of Dayak people and reduces conflicts.
Physically, the Dayak people tend to be yellowish or reddish in skin, similar to Chinese people, while the other ethnic groups in the Kalimantan and in Indonesia in general are brownish, like the Malay for instance.
Some of the cultural images and signs that were used to commonly portray Sarawakian identity included the following: the iconic hornbill bird and Kuching cats; images of Dayak people dressed in traditional costumes, bearing shields and blowpipes or performing traditional dances and rituals; (42) and the Sarawak map and flag.
Up the Notched-Log Ladder follows Arthur and Edna's odyssey forging an emotional and mutually respectful relationship with the Dayak people, their abiding faith in God, and their narrow escape from Borneo amid the rage of World War II.
In their last proposal to the Ford Foundation, Tim Jessup and Bernard Sellato summarised the goals of C&C as 'to document and support traditional rights of tenure and local resource management, including zonation; to strengthen the ethnic and cultural identity of Dayak people; to provide training and field experience for young scientists from Kalimantan; and to contribute to our knowledge of the cultural history and forest ecology of the region.'
For example, in West Kalimantan oil palm plantations are developed in the productive lands of the Dayak people. The Government of Indonesia has in the past encouraged companies to cut down hundreds of thousands of trees on Dayak land and replace them with oil palms.
Certainly, the massive opening of Kalimantan to foreign and national mining, forestry, and plantation companies, as well as the planned and spontaneous migrants from Java and other islands, have not benefitted the indigenous Dayak people, who have been systematically evicted and alienated from their customary land.
Roads have yet to reach most of the interior, and transport problems not only isolate Dayak people but astronomically raise the cost of basic foodstuffs far beyond their limited means.
At least one Indonesian NGO is convinced that Hasan's recognition as an environmental role model is an attempt to counter publicity generated by the recent award of the US Goldman Environmental Prize -- the "environmental Nobel Prize" -- to Loir Botor Dingit, paramount chief of the Bentian Dayak people of East Kalimantan.
Fresh heads were the best, the Dayak people said; now they make do with buffalo, hang horned skulls in the longhouse.
In short, they have the typical characteristics of a coastal Malay people, and few characteristics of a Dayak people. Many Tidung, especially in Sabah, would consider themselves to be Malay.
After briefly working for a computer institute as a clerk and later as an instructor, he learned about Pancur Kasih, an advocacy group for the Dayak and about its programmes for the marginalized Dayak people. Although he had to accept lower pay, Mijino began working with activists from various regions.