Dayananda Sarasvati

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sarasvati, Dayananda


Born 1824, in Tankara, Gujarat; died Oct. 30, 1883, in Ajmer. Indian religious reformer and enlightener. Gujarati by nationality.

Sarasvati believed the renewal of Indian society could be achieved through religious and social reforms. He attacked caste restrictions and child marriages and advocated the spread of education and equal rights for men and women. He saw the reform of Hinduism as a return to the religion of the ancient Aryans, as reflected in the sacred Vedas. In order to disseminate his teachings, Sarasvati founded the Arya Samaj society in 1875. He founded a college in Lahore, where the teaching of modern disciplines of the humanities and natural sciences was combined with classical Indian learning. Without openly attacking the British colonial authorities, Sarasvati declared that foreign rule could not ensure the well-being of the people.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Questioning the simplicity of the common assumption that nineteenth-century Hindu iconoclasm simply borrowed attitudes from Muslim and Protestant traditions, Hindu Iconoclasts delves deeper to explore the lives and words of such prominent figures of the era as Rammohun Roy and Dayananda Sarasvati, who sought to bring about reform by eliminating image worship.
Detailed research manages to reconstruct a number of personalities clashing in this drama, including Dayananda Sarasvati, who was in Jaipur at the height of the controversy and who was actively courted as a champion by the Shaiva faction until his anti-sectarian views appeared to embarrass all parties.