Manuel de Falla

(redirected from De Falla)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Falla, Manuel de

(mänwĕl` dā fä`lyä), 1876–1946, Spanish composer; pupil of Felipe Pedrell. In Paris from 1907 to 1914, he met DebussyDebussy, Claude Achille
, 1862–1918, French composer, exponent of musical impressionism. He studied for 11 years at the Paris Conservatory, receiving its Grand Prix de Rome in 1884 for his cantata L'Enfant Prodigue.
..... Click the link for more information.
, DukasDukas, Paul
, 1865–1935, French composer and critic. He was influenced by both the romanticism of Wagner and the impressionism of Debussy. His compositions are few, the best known being a symphonic poem, The Sorcerer's Apprentice (1897), and an opera,
..... Click the link for more information.
, and RavelRavel, Maurice
, 1875–1937, French composer, b. in the Pyrenees. He entered the Paris Conservatory in 1889, where he was later a student of Fauré. Ravel became a leading exponent of impressionism.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and was to some extent influenced by their impressionism. His music, however, remained distinctively Spanish, rooted both in Andalusian folk music and the classical tradition of Spain. Falla was an authority on flamencoflamenco,
Spanish music and dance typical of the Romani (Gypsy), or gitano. Flamenco dancing is characterized by colorful costumes, intense and erotic movements, stamping of the feet (zapateado), and clapping of the hands (palmada
..... Click the link for more information.
 music and made use of it in his compositions, keeping the vitality of flamenco but imposing upon it rigorous musical structure. Notable among his compositions are an opera, La vida breve [life is short] (1913); a suite for piano and orchestra, Noches en los jardines de España [nights in the gardens of Spain] (1916); and the celebrated ballets El Amor Brujo [wedded by witchcraft] (1915) and El sombrero de tres picos [the three-cornered hat] (1917). From 1921 to 1939 Falla lived in Granada, organizing festivals of native folk songs and touring Europe to conduct his own works. He moved to Argentina in 1939, where he directed the first performance of his guitar solo, Homenaje (1920); later orchestrated as Homenajes. His ambitious choral work La Atlántida occupied his later years; it was finished after his death by Ernesto Halffter and presented in Madrid in 1961.

Bibliography

See G. Chase, The Music of Spain (1960) and S. Demarquez, Manuel de Falla (tr. 1968).

Falla, Manuel de

 

Born Nov. 23, 1876, in Cádiz; died Nov. 14, 1946, in Alta Gracia, Argentina. Spanish composer and pianist.

Falla studied piano with J. Tragó and composition with F. Pedrell. He first gained recognition with the opera La vida breve (Life Is Short), composed in 1905 and first performed in Nice in 1913, and several subsequent works based on Andalusian folklore. He also gave piano recitals. From 1907 to 1914, Falla lived in Paris, where he met Debussy, Dukas, and Ravel. The music of the French composers influenced Falla’s symphonic impressions for piano and orchestra Noches en los jardines de España (Nights in the Gardens of Spain, 1915). Other major works by Falla include the ballets El amor brujo (Wedded by Witchcraft; Madrid, 1915) and El sombrero de tres picos (The Three-cornered Hat; London, 1919) and the opera El retablo de Maese Pedro (Master Peter’s Puppet Show, 1923; based on Cervantes’ Don Quixote), which combines elements of the opera, ballet-pantomime, and puppet show of Castilian folklore.

Notable among Falla’s other compositions are Fantasía bélica for solo piano (1919), a concerto for harpsichord and chamber orchestra (1924), Siete canciones populares españolas (1914), Quatre Pièces espagnoles for piano (1909), and a composition for solo guitar (1920), dedicated to the memory of Debussy. Many of Falla’s works are known from adaptations for violin and piano by F. Kreisler and P. Kochański and for cello and piano by M. Maréchal.

Falla’s music combines elements of the Spanish national tradition with those of Western European music of the early 20th century. It is marked by clarity and perfection of form, a wealth of rhythmic effects, and lush orchestral color. Intensely expressive, it nevertheless demonstrates a discipline of emotion.

In late 1939, Falla emigrated from Franco’s Spain to Argentina, where he occasionally appeared as a conductor.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Stat’i o muzyke i muzykantakh. Moscow, 1971.

REFERENCES

Krein, Iu. Manuel’ de Fal’ia. Moscow, 1960.
Ossovskii, A. “Ocherk istorii ispanskoi muzykal’noi kul’tury.” In his book Izbr. stat’i, vospominaniia. Leningrad, 1961. Pages 227–88.
Bronfin, E. “Manuel’ de Fal’ia kak muzykal’nyi pisatel’.” In M. de Falla, Stat’i o muzyke i muzykantakh. Moscow, 1971. (Translated from Spanish.)
Cúelar, J. M. de Falla. Madrid, 1968.

E. F. BRONFIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Para determinar el tipo de falla que se presento, un solo operador observo la superficie de fijacion interna de la banda y del esmalte de todos los especimenes utilizando un estereomicroscopio (Stemi 2000C, Carl Zeiss, Gottingen, Germany) que se encuentra conectado la AXIOCAM (Carl Zeiss Microimaging GmbH 37081, Gottingen, Germany), ubicado en la Fundacion CIEO (Bogota, Colombia), con una magnificacion de 10X.
0] entonces la resistencia puede ser despreciada, en otras palabras la impedancia de secuencia cero es casi igual a la reactancia de secuencia cero asumiendo tambien nula la resistencia de falla y la resistencia de arco propias de una falla monofasica.
Finalmente, se ordeno alta con seguimiento en la clinica de falla cardiaca.
2006) se utilizan redes neuronales artificiales (ANN) para estimar la distancia de falla en sistemas de distribucion, sin embargo todavia no se soluciona el problema de multiple estimacion.
9) Ademas se requiere la exclusion de otras causas de falla cardiaca como infarto miocardico, sepsis, preeclampsia severa, TEP, enfermedades valvulares y otras formas de cardiomiopatia.
Se revisaron 151 historias clinicas de pacientes que asistieron por primera vez a la consulta de Clinica de Falla Cardiaca.
En este estudio se evaluo la retencion de pernos de fibra de vidrio y el modo de falla que se produce en los elementos que conforman la reconstruccion interna de raices con conductos amplios, ante una fuerza de empuje controlada en direccion paralela al eje longitudinal de la raiz.
El area del proyecto es impactada por dos sistemas de fallas regionales: el Sistema de Fallas de Romeral de 700Km de largo, se localiza al oeste de la zona de proyecto; y el Sistema de Fallas de Palestina, se encuentra localizado al este.
On]: corriente de secuencia negativa debida a imperfecciones, defectos de fa bricacion o bobinado inherentes al motor, es decir, no relacionada con la situacion de falla o de alimentacion asimetrica.
Las secciones sismicas de algunas areas evidencian distorsiones en el bloque yacente bajo el plano de falla, como estructuras anti-formes asimetricas ("roll over") o como variaciones de buzamiento en los reflectores, lo que impide la definicion de prospectos y/o el desarrollo de campos.
En la etapa 1 se adquieren los registros de falla del sistema de potencia y se procesan los datos necesarios para que los MBC tengan un mejor rendimiento.
En terminos cuantitativos, Iverson y Ried [7] establecen indicadores potenciales de falla a traves de simulaciones numericas por el metodo de elementos finitos en taludes modelados en dos dimensiones influenciados por la geomorfologia y las presiones de poros en el modelo.