William Harvey

(redirected from De Generatione)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Harvey, William,

1578–1657, English physician considered by many to have laid the foundation of modern medicine, b. Folkestone, studied at Cambridge, M.D. Univ. of Padua, 1602. Returning to London, he became a physician of St. Bartholomew's Hospital and a lecturer at the College of Physicians, and he was later appointed court physician. Harvey was first to demonstrate the function of the heart and the complete circulation of the blood, a feat especially remarkable because it was accomplished without the aid of a microscope. Acceptance of his theories was slow in coming, and it was not until 1827 that they were fully substantiated. He also contributed greatly to the advance of comparative anatomy and embryology. His famous Exercitatio anatomica de motu cordis et sanguinis in animalibus [On the Movement of the Heart and Blood in Animals] was published in 1628.

Bibliography

See the translation of his writings by K. J. Franklin (1963); biography by G. L. Keynes (1966); study by G. Whitteridge (1971).

Harvey, William

 

Born Apr. 1, 1578, in Folkestone, Kent; died June 3, 1657, in London. English physician, physiologist, and embryologist.

Harvey continued his studies at Padua after graduating from Cambridge in 1597. In 1602 he received a diploma as doctor of medicine from the University of Padua. After his return to England (London) he was elected a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians (1607). As chief physician and surgeon in the Hospital of St. Bartholomew, Harvey was the founder not only of the theory of blood circulation but also of all modern physiology and embryology. He was the first to prove experimentally that in the animal body an unchanging, relatively small amount of blood is in constant movement through a closed path as a result of pressure created by contractions of the heart. He described the respiratory (pulmonary) and systemic circulations. In 1628 he published An Anatomical Treatise on the Movement of the Heart and Blood in Animals, in which he set forth in final form his theory of circulation, a theory which ran counter to the doctrine that had prevailed since the times of the Roman physician Galen and which provoked fierce attacks on Harvey by scientists and churchmen. In 1651 he published his treatise On the Generation of Living Creatures, in which he summarized the results of his many years of research on embryonic development in invertebrates and vertebrates, including birds and mammals. According to Harvey, plants as well as animals begin their development from an egg.

WORKS

Anatomicheskoe issledovanie o dvizhenii serdtsa i krovi u zhivotnykh, 2nd ed. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948.

REFERENCES

Bykov, K. M. Uil’iam Garvei i otkrytie krovoobrashcheniia. Moscow, 1957.
Parin, V. V. “Osnovopolozhnik ucheniia o krovoobrashchenii: K trekhsotletiiu so dnia smerti Uil’iama Garveia.” Priroda, 1957, no. 12.
References in periodicals archive ?
The remainder of the section is essentially a summary of Aristotle's discussion in De Generatione Animalium, as already cited, which is not one of his happier passages.
2, 27), and it includes Aristotle's works the Physics, On animals (all three parts: De historia, De partibus, and De generatione animalium), De anima, De generatione, On sense and sensible things, On sleeping and waking, On plants, On memory and reminiscence, On death and life (actually by Costa ben Luca), On the difference of spirit and soul, On the heavens, On meteorology, the Metaphysics, and De causis (actually by Proclus).
Sin la intencion de desarrollar exhaustivamente la cuestion ni, mucho menos, de aportar nuevas hipotesis de explicacion, nos limitaremos a una lectura lo mas precisa posible de aquellas lineas del De Generatione et Corruptione que nos permitan trazar semejanzas y diferencias entre este sustrato ultimo que Aristoteles reconoce para explicar la generacion y la [TEXTO IRREPRODUCIBLE EN ASCII] platonica del Timeo.
1972), Aristotle's De Partibus Animalium I and De Generatione Animalium I.
digestae; Introductio in librosphysicorum; Octophysicorum Aristotelisparaphrasis; Quatuor de caelo & mundo c opletor u parapharasis; Duor u de generatione & corruptione paraphrasi; Quatuor meteorum completorum, paraphrasis.
Como ya se ha afirmado, en De generatione animalium afirma que "damos mas credito a la observacion que a las teorias, y a las teorias solo si lo que afirman esta de acuerdo con los hechos observados" (81).
Michael Scot enfin, fidele a la longue tradition hispanique, profita de son sejour aux bords du Tage pour traduire des aeuvres d'astronomie, de philosophie naturelle et d'alchimie, tels que le De sphaera ou De motibus caelorum d'al-Bitruji, le De animalibus d'Aristote, les commentaires d'Averroes au De anima, au De coelo et mundo, au De generatione et corruptione, aux Meteora et a la Physica et la Metaphysica d'Aristote, ou encore un Ars alchimiae; son Liber introductorius comme son Liber particularis ont pour theme l'ars astronomie (77).
Just as Physics II 1 urged, more generally, that a material nature cannot serve as a nature without the presence of a formal nature, here we find that the ultimate material principle depends on the presence of contraries, which the next chapter in de Generatione et Corruptione explicitly identifies as forms or principles ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.
Their topics include the notion of contact and the possibility of acting without being affected in Aristotle's De Generatione et Corruptione, the concept of will in Plotinus, and innovation and continuity in the history of philosophy.
El primero De rebus naturalibus, el segundo De non naturalibus, El tercero, De rebus praeternaturam, el cuarto, De febribus, el quinto De loquis afectis, el sexto De metodo medendi, el septimo, De coctione et putedrine, el octavo De sanguinis mitione, el noveno, De expurgatione, el decimo De pulsibus, el undecimo De urinis, el duodecimo De crisibus o De decretorijs, el decimotercio, De anathomia et chirurgia, el decimocuarto De medicamentorum facultatibus, el decimoquinto de los ocho libros de Physica de Aristoteles, el decimosexto y ultimo de los libros De generatione et corruptione (31).
An alternative theory based on the more empirical Aristotle of the Meteorology and the De generatione et corruptione was elaborated in a chymical context by Paul of Taranto (Geber of the Summa Perfectionis).
En Europa Occidental se conocia desde 1220 De generatione animalium de Aristoteles.