Alfred de Musset

(redirected from De Musset)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to De Musset: de Musset sign

Musset, Alfred de

 

Born Dec. 11, 1810, in Paris; died there May 2, 1857. French writer. Member of the Académie Française (1852).

The son of a civil servant who had an interest in literature, Musset graduated from the College Henri IV. His first collection of verse, Tales of Spain and Italy (1830), attracted the attention of readers. The literary-aesthetic viewpoint of the French romantics headed by V. Hugo, which rejected the reactionary political system and obsolete literary forms, was the basis for Musset’s subsequent work. In his second collection, Armchair Theater (1832), Musset sang the praises of freedom and theomachy and mocked bourgeois political machinations. His four lyrical narrative poems, published as Nights (1835–37), were very popular; the poems express sorrowful reflections awakened by feelings of loneliness.

Musset was one of the founders of romantic theater. His historical drama Lorenzaccio (1834) and his psychological plays about love, The Caprices of Marianne (1833), One Does Not Trifle With Love (1834), and The Candlestick (1835), are distinguished by their realistic characters and dramatic tension. In Lorenzaccio, the struggle with tyranny is treated artistically. The moral perfection of the individual is the basic theme of his other plays. Russia was the first to discover Musset the dramatist. Only after his comedy The Caprices of Marianne was staged in St. Petersburg in 1837 did French theaters begin to include his plays in their repertoires.

Musset’s novel Confession of a Child of the Century (1836) reflects French society of the 1820’s and 1830’s, showing the desperate situation of the younger generation in France and expressing the bright hope that mankind will attain peace and happiness in the future.

In Russia, Musset’s works were highly valued by A. S. Pushkin, L. N. Tolstoy, A. I. Herzen, and I. S. Turgenev. His poems were translated into Russian by I. S. Turgenev, A. A. Fet, V. S. Kurochkin, A. N. Apukhtin, and V. Ia. Briusov and, in Soviet times, by V. A. Rozhdestvenskii, S. V. Shervinskii, Iu. B. Korneev, and E. L. Linetskaia.

WORKS

Oeuvres completes illustrées, vols. 1–10. Paris, 1927–29.
Oeuvres completes. Paris [1963].
In Russian translation:
Izbr. proizv., vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1957.
Ispoved’ syna veka, Novelly. Leningrad, 1970. (With an article by A. Andres.)

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 2. Moscow, 1956.
Teterevnikova, A. “A. de Miusse.” In Pisateli Frantsii. Moscow, 1964.
Sainte-Beuve, C. “A. de Miusse.” In Literaturnye portrety: Kriticheskie ocherki. Moscow, 1970.
Gastinel, P. Le Romantisme d’A. de Musset. Paris, 1933.
Soupault, P. A. de Musset. [Paris, 1966.]
Tieghem, P. van. Musset. Paris, 1969.
Lefebvre, H. Musset, 2nd ed. Paris [1970].

M. S. TRESKUNOV

References in periodicals archive ?
The post Alfred de Musset's masterpiece in Cyprus appeared first on Cyprus Mail .
(24.) This and subsequent quotations from the novel are from Alfred de Musset, The Confession of a Child of the Century (unpaginated), trans.
Tablada que en una visita a la casa del maestro habia leido varios "titulos de libros guardados en pequenos estantes adosados a los muros: Alfredo de Musset, Gautier".
La methode de Musset, qui peut sembler a premiere vue demagogique, (7) repose en fait sur une empathie a plusieurs niveaux ou, si l'on prefere un terme qu'apprecie l'auteur, sur des liens de "sympathie"; (8) mais l'importance accordee au gout du public non connaisseur ne signifie pas pour autant que les jugements de Musset sont subjectifs ou impressionnistes.
[7.] Rees MA, Alfred de Musset. Twa yne Publishers, 1971-Literary Criticism-141 pages.
Folie et passion, mais dans le registre naturaliste : le transfert, abrupt, amene des repositionnements par rapport a l'oeuvre de Musset et aux mythologies romantiques dont il est la source et l'embleme.
FRESH from completing his first feature film - in which he stars as 19th century poet Alfred de Musset - Peter Doherty is back on the road for a lengthy tour that includes Leicester Academy on May 4 and Birmingham HMV on May 14.
Pero con anterioridad Valle-Inclan, muy aficionado a anunciar proyectos que luego no lleva a cabo, ya proclamaba otra adaptacion de una comedia lopesca, El anzuelo de Fenisa (11), al mismo tiempo que llevaba a Granada una adaptacion de la obra de Alfred de Musset Andrea del Sarto, donde la estrena Ricardo Calvo el 3 de febrero de 1903.
Alfred de Musset once said that "great artists have no country," suggesting that citizenship of this republic requires belonging to none.
De la misma manera, la segunda investigacion de Musset (el estudio del traslado de las ciudades en la America hispanica) comienza con la fundacion de La Isabela (Republica Dominicana) por Cristobal Colon y se cierra con los desplazamientos de San Juan Parangaricutiro (Michoacan, Mexico), sepultado en 1944 por la lava del volcan Paricutin, y de Pelileo (Ecuador) destruido en 1949 por un terremoto desolador (Musset, 2002).
Sand smoked in public, wrote novels and racy memoirs, wore men's clothes and had a string of lovers, including the poet Alfred de Musset and Frederic Chopin, plus a number of younger men.
Sin lugar a dudas el aporte de Musset es estimulante, mas aun si se considera que lo mas frecuente con relacion a la construccion material de la ciudad ha sido destacar el papel de los imaginarios y la subjetividad social, tanto de los propios habitantes de la ciudad como de los urbanistas y otros actores con capacidad de decision en cuanto a la construccion material de la ciudad (3).