De Tham

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

De Tham


(full name, Hoang Hoa Tham). Born circa 1857; died Feb. 2, 1913. Leader of armed insurrections against the French colonialists in North Vietnam at the turn of the 20th century. Joined the national liberation movement in 1887.

From 1893 to 1913, De Tham headed the peasant movement in En The District of Bac Giang Province, which until 1896 was one of the sections of the can vuong liberation movement. In 1897 the French colonialists, whose attempts to break De Tham’s armed resistance were unsuccessful, concluded a truce with him and agreed to recognize his sovereignty over this separate region. In the beginning of the 20th century, De Tham gave support to the followers of Phan Boi Chau, one of the ideologues of the growing bourgeoisie. At the same time he organized a number of anti-French insurrections. In 1909 the French colonialists, breaking the agreement of 1897, began to attack De Tham’s fortified region. His forces did not receive support from other regions of the country and were defeated. De Tham was forced to go into hiding among the peasantry. In 1913 he was killed by traitors. De Tham is one of the national heroes of the Vietnamese people.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
[8] An official report from Tonkin, received in Paris at the end of July, 1909, relates how the famous pirate chief De Tham was tracked, together with his men, by our soldiers; and how all of them succeeded in escaping, thanks to this trick of the reeds.
Stay: Central, clean and friendly An An 2 Hotel (216 De Tham Street, 84 83838 5665, has doubles from pounds 18.
De Tham combined royalist support for the legitimate monarchy with a peasant revolt that began when the French colonizers usurped native lands.
Equally delightful are the story of Nguyen Thi Lo, the description of torrential rains in Nha-nam, and the chronicling of the activities of the revolutionary De Tham, who fought the French authorities when not traveling on a palanquin.