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see orders, holyorders, holy
[Lat. ordo,=rank], in Christianity, the traditional degrees of the clergy, conferred by the Sacrament of Holy Order. The episcopacy, priesthood or presbyterate, and diaconate were in general use in Christian churches in the 2d cent.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the third rank of ministers in the Orthodox Church.

In the period of early Christianity deacons were persons chosen to direct the economic affairs of the community. Later, with the appearance of bishops, they became intermediaries between the latter and the flock, as well as assistants in the administration of the eparchy. In the second half of the 20th century, they represent the lowest rank of the ecclesiastical hierarchy (after the higher clergy and priests). Within the group itself there are protodeacons (senior deacons), hierodeacons (deacons who are monks), and arch-deacons (in the service of bishops or higher clergy).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. (in the Roman Catholic and other episcopal churches) an ordained minister ranking immediately below a priest
2. (in Protestant churches) a lay official appointed or elected to assist the minister, esp in secular affairs
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


Direct English Access and CONtrol. English-like query system. Sammet 1969, p.668.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Deacons, like priests, are ordained ministers, and as in the priesthood, must be men in today's Church.
Well, to begin with, historical documents--canons, liturgical texts and other writings--speak freely and regularly about women deacons, not priests, "ordained" or "blessed." Facts are facts.
Examining Augustine's view of deacons as assistants to bishops in the early church, Koet discusses the origin of the word diakonos: classical and biblical backgrounds; the diaconate in the ancient church: the origin of the term deacon; Augustine, his ecclesiastical career, and his view on ministries; the deacon as messenger; the deacon as evangelist and preacher; and Augustine and the holy deacons of the early church.
figure By PATRICK ALUSHULA Managerial gaffes in key business strategies have proved too costly for once-thriving fashion retailer Deacons East Africa, exposing shareholders and creditors to a potential loss of Sh1.9 billion.This has forced the founder chief executive, with a stake in the same company, to jump out of the heeling ship, a little too late to put on a life jacket even as lenders deny the firm new lines of credit.
The problem, he said, was that they could not figure out how to ordain women as deacons and not as priests.
South Africa's fashion brand, Mr Price, is set to take full ownership of all its local after buying out Deacons franchise operations in East Africa that started in 2007.
Cupich, Archbishop of Chicago, will ordain 19 permanent deacons at 10 a.m.
When the Association of Anglican Deacons in Canada (AADC) held its triennial meeting July 27-30 in Victoria, B.C., the role of deacons as ministers to those outside the church was front and centre, according to incoming AADC board president Canon Nancy Ford.
The Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate (CARA) reported that 46% of the total global number of deacons was found in the U.S.
It's the latest move in a line of progressive policies and statements for Pope Francis: The Vatican announced Tuesday the pope has set up a commission that will study the possibility of allowing women to become deacons in the Catholic Church.
SIXTEEN new deacons and priests are to be ordained at Coventry Cathedral this weekend.
Little did anyone expect that a Chicago Tribune story about Roman Catholic women deacons (Register-Guard, Aug.