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city (1990 pop. 1,830), seat of Lawrence co., W S.Dak.; settled 1876 after discovery of gold. A Black Hills tourist center, it is also a trade hub for a lumbering, stock-raising, and mining region. Built in a narrow canyon, with houses climbing the steep sides, Deadwood Gulch (so called because its trees had been killed by fire) boomed and waned with the discovery and abandonment of nearby gold and silver mines. Its history is commemorated in the Adams Memorial Museum and an annual "Days of '76" celebration. The graves of Wild Bill HickokHickok, Wild Bill,
1837–76, American frontier marshal, b. Troy Grove, near Ottawa, Ill., as James Butler Hickok. He took part in the Kansas struggle preceding the Civil War, was a driver of the Butterfield stage line, and gained fame as a gunfighter, his skill increased by
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 (shot in a saloon here during a card game) and Calamity JaneCalamity Jane
, c.1852–1903, American frontier character, b. Princeton, Mo. Her real name was Martha Jane Canary, and the origin of her nickname is obscure. Little is known of her early life beyond the fact that she moved with her parents to Virginia City, Mont.
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 are in Deadwood's "Boot Hill." Gambling casinos, legalized in 1989, now dominate Deadwood's economy.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the underwater part of a vessel’s tapered bow and stern sections at the places where the keel and the stem and the sternpost join. In the stern deadwood of vessels with one propeller a waterproof metal tube is constructed (deadwood tube) through which the shaft of the propeller is brought outside. The area of the side projection and form of deadwood, especially of stern deadwood, have an influence on the controllability of the vessel.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. Dead tree limbs or branches.
2. Wood from dead trees.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.