So far, very few scholars recognize the empowering function of silence in Jia's and other independent filmmakers' films--particularly, how different aspects of silence, as a motif and as poetics, enable the film to reject formulated theatricality seen in Hollywood or mainstream movies and achieve an artistic style of deautomatization
The concept has historical roots in several related mental processes, as discussed by Martin (86,87): deautomatization
and the observing self (8), decentering (89), mindfulness as a creative cognitive process (90), detachment (91), and mental freedom (92).
Foregrounding the frequent metalepses in At Swim-Two-Birds thus facilitates this process of deautomatization.
O'Brien's foregrounding of the frequent metalepses in At Swim-Two-Birds therefore serves to facilitate this process of deautomatization.
Shklovsky suggests that deautomatization
, or the slowing down of the word within literature, is a textual strategy for "making things strange" (3).
The identified effects of MORE on thought suppression also support a deautomatization interpretation of the correlation between mindfulness-induced reductions in 200 ms AB and higher post-intervention craving, and notably, among MORE participants, reductions in thought suppression were significantly correlated with decreases in 200 ms AB.
Thus, practice of mindfulness may promote the recovery of alcohol-dependent persons through: (a) deautomatization of alcohol use action schema, resulting in diminished attentional bias towards subliminal alcohol cues and increased craving as a result of disrupted automaticity; and (b) decreased thought suppression resulting in increased awareness of alcohol urges over time, increased HRV recovery from alcohol cue-exposure, and improved ability to inhibit appetitive responses.
While canonized literature tries to create new models of reality and attempts to illuminate the information it bears in a way which at least brings about deautomatization
, as the Prague Structuralist put it, non-canonized literature has to keep within the conventionalized models which are highly automatized.
In addition to this deautomatization
of perception, the reader has to revise his current model of the character completely and enter into a new process of model construction.
The concept has historical roots in several related mental processes, as discussed by Martin (1997, 2002): deautomatization
and the observing self (Deikman, 1982), decentering (Safran & Segal, 1990), mindfulness as a creative cognitive process (Langer, 1989), detachment (Bohart, 1983), and mental freedom (Krishnamurti, 1964).