This concept is a subject of several controversial translation initiatives and it's translated in English as estrangement, enstrangement, defamiliarization, deautomatization
, making strange, alienation (Bogdanov, 2005: 48; Berlina, 2017: 56).
The authors interpreted their findings and (especially these delayed effects) as evidence for impaired automatic low-level control (i.e., a deautomatization
) which is replaced by high-level, automatic control processes.
So far, very few scholars recognize the empowering function of silence in Jia's and other independent filmmakers' films--particularly, how different aspects of silence, as a motif and as poetics, enable the film to reject formulated theatricality seen in Hollywood or mainstream movies and achieve an artistic style of deautomatization
. Deeming the temporal parameter, the dawn of the twenty-first century, as a pivot of connections, this article looks at a few independently made films of that time to analyze how silence helps to visualize the expression of the voiceless and envisage the presence of alternative historicity, at a time when the future is determined.
The concept has historical roots in several related mental processes, as discussed by Martin (86,87): deautomatization
and the observing self (8), decentering (89), mindfulness as a creative cognitive process (90), detachment (91), and mental freedom (92).
An explanation as to how this type of meditation works is that non-analytic "contemplative meditation" creates a "deautomatization
," a passive receptivity, which facilitates mystic phenomena such as feelings of bliss, clarity of vision, and a "luminous brilliance" (Deikman 1973).
Foregrounding the frequent metalepses in At Swim-Two-Birds thus facilitates this process of deautomatization
. Second, by unraveling the ponderous traditions of reading inherited from realism and the weighty and serious allusiveness of modernism, O'Brien generates a structural lightness that abandons the onerous baggage of conventional (automatized) ways of reading fiction that weigh both the text and the reader down.
Shklovsky suggests that deautomatization
, or the slowing down of the word within literature, is a textual strategy for "making things strange" (3).
Deikman (1966) conceptualized the effect of meditation as a form of "deautomatization
," that is, an undoing of automatization whereby unconscious, habitual patterns of perception and motor behavior are reinvested with attention.
While canonized literature tries to create new models of reality and attempts to illuminate the information it bears in a way which at least brings about deautomatization
, as the Prague Structuralist put it, non-canonized literature has to keep within the conventionalized models which are highly automatized.
In addition to this deautomatization
of perception, the reader has to revise his current model of the character completely and enter into a new process of model construction.
The concept has historical roots in several related mental processes, as discussed by Martin (1997, 2002): deautomatization
and the observing self (Deikman, 1982), decentering (Safran & Segal, 1990), mindfulness as a creative cognitive process (Langer, 1989), detachment (Bohart, 1983), and mental freedom (Krishnamurti, 1964).