debt peonage

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debt peonage

a coercive form of labour whereby the labourer is tied to an employer or landholder through indebtedness. It was a common method of ensuring a labour supply in AGRARIAN SOCIETIES until the 20th-century, although in some areas of the THIRD WORLD the practice persists illegally. Various forms of indebtedness were found: landowners sometimes paid taxes for the peasantry, requiring their labour services until payment had been made; sometimes labourers became indebted through transportation costs, such as was the case with Chinese immigrants to the US in the 19th century, when they worked without pay until their transport costs had been deemed to be covered. At its most extreme individuals were never able to work off the initial or subsequent debt which may even have been passed on to descendants. In such cases debt slavery may be the more appropriate term. See PEASANTS, PEASANT SOCIETY, LATIFUNDIUM.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
The proprietors of brick kilns often subject Cambodian men, women, and children--often entire families--to debt bondage, either by buying off their preexisting loans or by requiring them to take out new loans as a condition of employment.
"Cleaning up the recruitment process for migrant workers so they get the jobs and wages they signed up for and stopping unlawful recruitment fees which force migrant workers into debt bondage is a global challenge.
The report noted that it was "unclear whether the government decreased efforts to protect victims of trafficking due to a lack of government provided statistics in this area, and many victims of forced labour, including debt bondage, likely remained unidentified and unprotected."
"A large percentage of foreign workers borrowed money or sold property in their home countries to secure their jobs, increasing their vulnerability to debt bondage," it added.
Debt bondage, one of the most prevalent contemporary forms of slavery, is particularly extensive.
Amanda Bailey's examination of debt bondage contributes significantly to a growing body of scholarship on early modern global economics.
Mode a Modern day slavery is defined as human trafficking, forced labour and practices such as debt bondage, forced marriage and the sale or exploitation of children.
The index said results include "slavery, forced labour, human trafficking, debt bondage, forced or servile marriage", along with sexual exploitation
The foundation's definition of modern slavery includes slavery-like practices such as debt bondage, forced marriage and the sale or exploitation of children, as well as human trafficking and forced labour.
Debt bondage, forced marriage and the sale or exploitation of children, as well as human trafficking are also included in the foundation's interpretation of modern slavery.
This broad definition includes many slavery-related practices such as human trafficking, forced labor, debt bondage, forced marriage, commercial sexual exploitation and the sale and exploitation of children.
"Changes that reduce the commissions of intermediaries would inevitablyreduce the cost of recruitment that is borne by the employer; at the same timereducing, or eliminating, debt bondage and all the vulnerabilities that follow from it."