Decane


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Related to Decane: Decene, Dodecane, Undecane

decane

[′dē‚kān]
(organic chemistry)
C10H22 Any of several saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons, especially CH3(CH2)8CH3.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Decane

 

(n -decane), a saturated hydrocarbon, CH3(CH2)8 CH3; a colorless liquid. It has a melting point of -29.67°C, a boiling point of 174.12°C, and a density of 0.7299 g/cm3 (20°C). Its refractive index is n D20 1.4119. Decane can be obtained from straight-run petroleum cuts by careful fractional distillation, and it can be obtained synthetically from CO and H2 along with other normal saturated hydrocarbons. Decane is a component of light diesel fuels.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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[48] Kariznovi M, Nourozieh H, Abedi J (2012) Vapor-liquid phase equilibria and physical properties measurements for ternary systems (methane + decane + hexadecane).
The opaque liquid employed here is decane ([C.sub.10][H.sub.22]) mixed with Solvent Black 3 ([C.sub.29][H.sub.24][N.sub.6], an oil dye purchased from Sigma Aldrich, Munich, Germany).
Heavier unsaturated hydrocarbons in paraffin series, nonane, decane, undecane, and dodecane, may occur in gasoline and in the exhausts--most often the nonane--but they have dominant sources in releases from consumer products (mainly from industrial synthetic building materials and housing equipment [35]), from the industrial waste streams and the contaminated urban soil [36-40], though environmental behavior of the vapors from the subsurface gasoline contamination of soil and groundwater is not a well understood phenomenon.
2), including 11 different hydrocarbons (no-nane 3.23%, decane 1.61%, limonene 9.08%, dodecane 5.44%, tetradecane 7.83%, dotriacontane 9.25%, ethylbenzene 2.70%, 1,3-dimethyl benzene 5.70%, biphenyl 7.97%, octane 1.58%, and hexadecane 11.39%), 2 alcohols (dimethyl hexadecanol 2.18% and borneol 16.02%), and 1 aldehyde (nonaldehyde 16.05%).
(1996) tested activated carbon adsorption of 5 single compounds (1.1-DCE, decane, toluene, hexane and MEK) within the concentration level of approximately 0.5-100 ppm.
The laboratory tests were carried out by means of a permeameter changing the negative temperatures and using various configurations of filtrate: water, various concentrations of NaCl solution, bentonite and traped decane (Enssle et al.
Any decane that may have remained in the acetone fraction was removed by extracting it three times with hexane.
Compounds identified in significant quintities in essential oil were: Linalool (27.1%), Borneol (7.8%), Decane (5.4%), Caryophyllene oxide (4.7%) and Lavandulol (4.1%).
The average absolute deviation is 1.03[degrees]C, 0.32[degrees]C, and 0.95[degrees]C for the nonane, decane, and dodecane mixtures, respectively.
Following evaporation under [N.sub.2], the residue was dissolved in 100 [micro]L decane and transferred to autosampler vials.