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Deccan(dĕ`kän'), region of India. Sometimes defined as all India S of the Narmada River, it is in a more limited sense the plateau of central peninsular India, including approximately all KarnatakaKarnataka
, formerly Mysore
, state (2001 provisional pop. 52,733,958), 74,122 sq mi (191,976 sq km), SW India, bordering on the Arabian Sea. It is bordered on the north by the states of Goa and Maharashtra, on the east by Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, on the south by
..... Click the link for more information. and TelanganaTelangana,
state (2011 pop. 35,286,757), 44,340 sq mi (114,840 sq km), S central India. Created in 2014 from NW Andhra Pradesh, it is bordered by Maharashtra (N), Chhattisgarh and Odisha (NE), Andhra Pradesh (SE and S), and Karnataka (W).
..... Click the link for more information. , S Andhra PradeshAndhra Pradesh
, state (2011 pop. 49,386,799), 61,855 sq mi (160,205 sq km), SE India, on the Bay of Bengal. The state was created in 1956 from the Telugu-speaking portions of Madras (now Tamil Nadu) and Hyderabad states.
..... Click the link for more information. , SE MaharashtraMaharashtra
, state (2001 provisional pop. 96,752,247), 118,530 sq mi (306,993 sq km), W India, on the Arabian Sea. The city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay) is the capital. The state was formed in 1960, when the old state of Bombay was split along linguistic lines into two new
..... Click the link for more information. , and NW Tamil NaduTamil Nadu
, formerly Madras
, state (2001 provisional pop. 62,110,839), 50,180 sq mi (129,966 sq km), SE India, on the Bay of Bengal. The capital is Chennai (formerly Madras).
..... Click the link for more information. . The rich volcanic soil is used for growing cotton. The last of the great Mughal emperors, AurangzebAurangzeb
, 1618–1707, Mughal emperor of India (1658–1707), son and successor of Shah Jahan. He served (1636–44, 1653–58) as viceroy of the Deccan but was constantly at odds with his father and his eldest brother, Dara Shikoh, the
..... Click the link for more information. , exhausted the power of his empire in a futile attempt (1683–1707) to absorb the region. It was in the Deccan that the Hindus began to regain (early 18th cent.) political and military power in India under Śivaji, leader of the MarathasMarathas
, Marathi-speaking people of W central India, known for their ability as warriors and their devotion to Hinduism. From their homeland in Maharashtra their chieftains rose to power in the 17th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. . There in the late 18th cent. the British decisively defeated the French in their struggle for India. The Deccan Traps, in the NW Deccan, is a region of flood basalts, in some places as much as 1.8 mi (3 km) thick, laid down over about 1 million years in a series of massive volcanic eruptions around the end of the Cretaceous period. It has been suggested that the volcanic gases and the climate changes associated with release were responsible in whole or part for the extinction of the dinosaurs.
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1. a plateau in S India, between the Eastern Ghats, the Western Ghats, and the Narmada River
2. the whole Indian peninsula south of the Narmada River
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005