Decemviri


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Decemviri

 

in ancient Rome any board often men chosen to carry out special state functions (law cases, religious questions, legal records, etc.).

Best known were the boards of decemviri of 451-450 B.C. The board of 451 B.C., composed of patricians, was appointed under pressure from the plebeians to have the laws committed to writing. In 450 B.C. a new board was chosen consisting of five patricians and five plebeians to complete the work. For the period in which the decemviri functioned, the consuls laid down their powers, and absolute authority resided in the decemviri. The work of the boards of decemviri of 451-450 B.C. yielded the laws of the Twelve Tables.

References in periodicals archive ?
Como sostiene ARANGIO-RUIZ, verdaderos colegios judiciales son los de los centumviri y de los decemviri stlitibus iudicatis: la competencia de los primeros es indudable en materia de herencia, la de los segundos en materia de libertad y esclavitud, mientras que se discute acerca de su competencia en otros tipos de controversia (17).
Moreover, this includes the (albeit possibly rudimental) implementation of a self-contained system "law", be it stipulated orally or in writing, be it by convention, by custom or by a legendary act of legislation by Hammurapi, Moses, Solon or founded by Decemviri.
That the decemviri were, according to tradition, sine provocatione creati does not, pace Cicero, necessarily show that provocatio was normal at that period.
For Lollius as one of the decemviri for the Ludi in 17, in which capacity Horace certainly would have known him, see CIL VI.
Stampiglia's La caduta de' decemviri, set by Giovanni Porta, along with music by Albinoni and Sarro, for Milan in 1724, also fares badly: it is turned into 'La caduta de' Decembrivi' and at its second mention its authorship is described as anonymous.
Su origen, a su vez, se encuentra en la Lex Terentilia del tribuno Terentilio Arsa, quien, en -452, nombro los Decemviri legibus scribendis, diez hombres elegidos por los patricios para escribir las leyes que se venian observando por costumbre.