Decemviri


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Decemviri

 

in ancient Rome any board often men chosen to carry out special state functions (law cases, religious questions, legal records, etc.).

Best known were the boards of decemviri of 451-450 B.C. The board of 451 B.C., composed of patricians, was appointed under pressure from the plebeians to have the laws committed to writing. In 450 B.C. a new board was chosen consisting of five patricians and five plebeians to complete the work. For the period in which the decemviri functioned, the consuls laid down their powers, and absolute authority resided in the decemviri. The work of the boards of decemviri of 451-450 B.C. yielded the laws of the Twelve Tables.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, this includes the (albeit possibly rudimental) implementation of a self-contained system "law", be it stipulated orally or in writing, be it by convention, by custom or by a legendary act of legislation by Hammurapi, Moses, Solon or founded by Decemviri. Within this law, an organisation of courts is typically formed, beginning with local issues, argued in front of the judge of the village, and ending with the highest judge, be he priest, king, a "high council" (Areopag) or--as in case of Athens--an assembly of citizens entitled to vote.
Caffe' Ottolina SPA., Via Decemviri 20/24, 20138 Milan, Italy.
That the decemviri were, according to tradition, sine provocatione creati does not, pace Cicero, necessarily show that provocatio was normal at that period.
For Lollius as one of the decemviri for the Ludi in 17, in which capacity Horace certainly would have known him, see CIL VI.4 32323; Gordon and Gordon, Album 362--68 and plates 8b, 9B; Syme, History in Ovid 172; Putnam, Artifices 155.
Stampiglia's La caduta de' decemviri, set by Giovanni Porta, along with music by Albinoni and Sarro, for Milan in 1724, also fares badly: it is turned into 'La caduta de' Decembrivi' and at its second mention its authorship is described as anonymous.