Decemviri

(redirected from Decemviri Legibus Scribundis Consulari Imperio)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Decemviri

 

in ancient Rome any board often men chosen to carry out special state functions (law cases, religious questions, legal records, etc.).

Best known were the boards of decemviri of 451-450 B.C. The board of 451 B.C., composed of patricians, was appointed under pressure from the plebeians to have the laws committed to writing. In 450 B.C. a new board was chosen consisting of five patricians and five plebeians to complete the work. For the period in which the decemviri functioned, the consuls laid down their powers, and absolute authority resided in the decemviri. The work of the boards of decemviri of 451-450 B.C. yielded the laws of the Twelve Tables.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.