decimal

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decimal

1. a fraction that has a denominator of a power of ten, the power depending on or deciding the decimal place. It is indicated by a decimal point to the left of the numerator, the denominator being omitted. Zeros are inserted between the point and the numerator, if necessary, to obtain the correct decimal place
2. any number used in the decimal system
3. 
a. relating to or using powers of ten
b. of the base ten
4. expressed as a decimal
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Decimal

 

a fraction whose denominator is a whole power of the number 10. The decimal is written without a denominator, setting off in the numerator to the right of the decimal point as many digits as there are zeros in the denominator (for example, 485,634/1,000 = 485.634 and 3/100 = 0.03). In such notation, the part to the left of the decimal point designates the integer part of the fraction. The first digit after the decimal point designates the number of tenths; the second, the number of hundredths; and so forth.

The decimal notation of rational numbers whose denominator does not have other prime factors except 2 and 5 contains a finite number of digits (for example, 4/25 = 0.16). In general, the digits in the decimal notation of a rational number begin repeating at some position; such a number is an infinite repeating decimal (for example, 7/6 = 1.1666 …). Irrational numbers are nonrepeating infinite decimals (for example, Decimal = 1.41421 . … In all cases, the decimal of akak-1a0b1b2 … can be written in the form

where ak, ak-1, … , a0, b1b2, are the numerals 0, 1, 2, … , 9 (ak ≠ 0) in the corresponding digit of the number. For example, 382.1274 = 3 x 102 + 8 × 10 + 2 + 1/10 + 2/102 + 7/103 + 4/104, that is, here a2 = 3, a1 = 8,a0 = 2, b1 = 1, b2 = 2, b3 = 7, and b4 = 4. Decimals were already used in the 14th-15th centuries. The Samarkand mathematician Al Kashi described the decimal system in 1427. In Europe, the decimal was introduced by S. Stevin in 1584.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

decimal

[′des·məl]
(mathematics)
A number expressed in the scale of tens.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

decimal

Meaning 10. The numbering system used by humans, which is based on 10 digits. In contrast, computers use binary numbers because it is easier to design electronic systems that can maintain two states rather than 10.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
H (P): A hash function from four digit decimal values to an arbitrary bit string.
My hypothesis is that any decimal value between 1 and -1 is naturally treated by speakers and writers as a plural and should thus take a plural unit of measurement.
Suppose the decimal values of k LSBs of [g.sub.x] is L and the decimal value of k LSBs of [g'.sub.x] is S.
Now take [t.sub.1], [t.sub.2], [t.sub.3], [t.sub.4], [t.sub.5], [t.sub.6], [t.sub.7], and [t.sub.8] bits of data separately and convert to their decimal values [S.sub.1], [S.sub.2], [S.sub.3], [S.sub.4], [S.sub.5], [S.sub.6], [S.sub.7], and [S.sub.8], respectively.
Specifically, first, the original iris data are XORed with an application-specific string; second, the obtained result is divided into blocks; third, we partition the blocks into groups, and the blocks in each group are sorted according to their decimal values (we call this procedure as local ranking); Finally, the data in each block are replaced with the corresponding rank value.
Since the decimal values of [CI.sub.1][P.sub.1] and [CI.sub.2] [P.sub.1]'s first seven bits are 16 and 73, according to the EMD technique and Fig.
The accuracy of floating point decimal values depends on the number of fractional bits.
This resource overhead can be explained, on the one hand, by the inefficient representation of decimal values on binary logic and, on the other hand by the more complex specification of the decimal standard IEEE 754-2008.
It also allows for the extension into the set value and decimal values of the equivalent fraction.
The authors found that improving number line estimation accuracy transferred to other conceptual skills, such as the ability to compare the magnitudes of different decimal values. To our knowledge, however, no research has yet demonstrated any benefits from improving number line estimation accuracy in the domain of fractions.
This is done to confirm the ability of the program to read the decimal values and present the output file (Drawout) with limited (4) decimal values as shown in Table 2.
It extracts CAN data from a message stream, rescales it, and displays/plots decimal values. The analyzer also offers 2-Mpts/ch memory (optional up to 24 Mpts), 5 GS/s on all four channels, up to 1-GHz bandwidth, and CAN and electrical signal triggering to isolate events.