decision making

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decision making

Making choices. The proper balance of human and machine decision making is an important part of a system's design.

Human Decision Making Is Complex
It is easy to think of automating tasks traditionally performed by people, but it is not that easy to analyze how decisions are made by an experienced, intuitive worker. If an improper analysis of human decision making is made, the wrong decision making may be placed into the machine, which can get buried in documentation that is rarely reviewed. This will become a critical issue as artificial intelligence applications proliferate. See AI.

Algorithmic or Heuristic
From a programming point of view, decision making is performed two ways: algorithmic, a precise set of rules and conditions that never change, or heuristic, a set of rules that may change over time (self-modify) as conditions occur. Heuristic techniques are employed in AI systems.

decision making

the processes by which individuals, or groups and organizations, decide actions or determine policies. Obviously, decision making covers a wide area, involving virtually the whole of human action. Sociologists, psychologists and political scientists, among others, have been interested in decision making in different ways, though there are overlapping interests. These perspectives include: formal analysis of the decision strategies of actors in competitive situations (as in THEORY OF GAMES, and in approaches derived from Economics, e.g. see EXCHANGE THEORY); analysis of decision-making behaviour in the dynamics of small groups (see GROUP DYNAMICS); studies of organizations (see ORGANIZATION THEORY); studies of access to political decision-making (see COMMUNITY POWER).
References in periodicals archive ?
To implement clinical pathways and consider the decision making process factors and consider it as a structure of clinical pathways these factors are Tasks Team Context Knowledge and Technology [8-1014-18].
Participation in decision making process can improve employee work performance.
The participants in the study could have been novices in the decision making process thus requiring additional assistance.
If people feel that their voices are welcomed even when what they have to say is difficult and perhaps painful, they are more likely to become willing participants in a constructive decision making process.
A sense of ownership, and consequently a desire to use the device, arises when the individual feels involved in the decision making process.
When the medical staff is involved in the decision making process, a decision is often politically motivated and does not lead to the highest quality care.
Visual Intelisense(TM) gives physicians the ability to "see" and understand a patient's unique history and health, allowing access to all relevant patient information in the clinical decision making process.
The demand for accuracy and consistency in the spreadsheet numbers resulted in long hours of testing and analysis, slowing the decision making process and increasing the time it took the company to respond to business changes.
This report identifies where the SLA ranks in importance depending on company size, vertical market, and who is involved in the decision making process.
While data experts are influencing the decision making process, there is little correlation between CIO or MIS/IT involvement and the importance of the SLA in the buying process.