decision making

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decision making

Making choices. The proper balance of human and machine decision making is an important part of a system's design.

Human Decision Making Is Complex
It is easy to think of automating tasks traditionally performed by people, but it is not that easy to analyze how decisions are made by an experienced, intuitive worker. If an improper analysis of human decision making is made, the wrong decision making may be placed into the machine, which can get buried in documentation that is rarely reviewed. This will become a critical issue as artificial intelligence applications proliferate. See AI.

Algorithmic or Heuristic
From a programming point of view, decision making is performed two ways: algorithmic, a precise set of rules and conditions that never change, or heuristic, a set of rules that may change over time (self-modify) as conditions occur. Heuristic techniques are employed in AI systems.

decision making

the processes by which individuals, or groups and organizations, decide actions or determine policies. Obviously, decision making covers a wide area, involving virtually the whole of human action. Sociologists, psychologists and political scientists, among others, have been interested in decision making in different ways, though there are overlapping interests. These perspectives include: formal analysis of the decision strategies of actors in competitive situations (as in THEORY OF GAMES, and in approaches derived from Economics, e.g. see EXCHANGE THEORY); analysis of decision-making behaviour in the dynamics of small groups (see GROUP DYNAMICS); studies of organizations (see ORGANIZATION THEORY); studies of access to political decision-making (see COMMUNITY POWER).
References in periodicals archive ?
Organization B: All respondents recognized that the feeling is important in decision-making, in which the majority consider it as necessary or regular.
Rational and intuitive styles are positively associated whereas dependent and avoidant styles are negatively related to self-esteem.1,7 Thunholm8 found that self-esteem and its facets are positively connected with rational and intuitive decision-making style and negatively related to dependent, avoidant and spontaneous style.
Kaya, Information systems outsourcing decisions using a group decision-making approach, Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence 22 (2009) 832-841.
The responsibility to integrate shared decision-making into practice, however, does not rest with nurse educators alone.
National Resource Center for Supported Decision-Making http://supporteddecisionmaking.org/
Therefore, women's decision-making power may vary across states with unequal access to education and differing economic opportunities available to women in Nigeria.
Moreover, the closer the decision-making behavior is to the time that the self-framing is completed, the more significant is the influence (Gamliel & Kreiner, 2013; Peters & Levin, 2008).
A person's approach to a decision-making situation is referred to as decision-making style.
One area that needs to be discussed in more depth is the dynamic nature of the decision-making process and the interrelationship between the different layers of the influence.
However, mounting evidence shows that people tend to make systematic errors in judgment and decision-making and that there is a high level of diversity in how rational individuals are.
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between cool executive function and risky decision-making in an OCD group.

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