decision making

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decision making

Making choices. The proper balance of human and machine decision making is an important part of a system's design.

Human Decision Making Is Complex
It is easy to think of automating tasks traditionally performed by people, but it is not that easy to analyze how decisions are made by an experienced, intuitive worker. If an improper analysis of human decision making is made, the wrong decision making may be placed into the machine, which can get buried in documentation that is rarely reviewed. This will become a critical issue as artificial intelligence applications proliferate. See AI.

Algorithmic or Heuristic
From a programming point of view, decision making is performed two ways: algorithmic, a precise set of rules and conditions that never change, or heuristic, a set of rules that may change over time (self-modify) as conditions occur. Heuristic techniques are employed in AI systems.

decision making

the processes by which individuals, or groups and organizations, decide actions or determine policies. Obviously, decision making covers a wide area, involving virtually the whole of human action. Sociologists, psychologists and political scientists, among others, have been interested in decision making in different ways, though there are overlapping interests. These perspectives include: formal analysis of the decision strategies of actors in competitive situations (as in THEORY OF GAMES, and in approaches derived from Economics, e.g. see EXCHANGE THEORY); analysis of decision-making behaviour in the dynamics of small groups (see GROUP DYNAMICS); studies of organizations (see ORGANIZATION THEORY); studies of access to political decision-making (see COMMUNITY POWER).
References in periodicals archive ?
This has to do with employees taking part in decision-making process having an effect on their output (as Table 5).
On the other hand, those who had strong doubts regarding the abortion expressed feelings of powerlessness during the decision-making process.
Supervisors who consistently practice these pre- and postmeeting discussions receive positive feedback from their personnel for including them in the decision-making process.
They found that exploratory behavior may facilitate career decision-making, and self-exploration is valuable in the career decision-making process.
Rather, if restorative justice at the base takes the form of the collaborative, respectful, non-coercive decision-making process of FGC, the place of deterrence in the middle is taken by professional- or court-determined disposition of the case, imposed with or without the family's agreement.
Springs, Maryland, agrees that for many women leaders the decision-making process is as significant as the decision itself.
In contrast, the infrastructure needed for Air Force reserve enclaves was more defined during the decision-making process.
The goal of every right-minded individual should be to squeeze out abuses and restore confidence in the decision-making process that governs CEO compensation--but to do it in a way that doesn't destroy the ability of CEOs to earn handsome incomes.
They are part of the decision-making process but are sometimes overlooked by straight advertising.
The purpose of the working panel is to provide additional resources in the decision-making process for high-impact, complex issues.
Russo, from Cornell University, and Schoemaker, at the University of Chicago, offer in-depth analysis of the decision-making process and break it down to four stages.

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