decision making

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decision making

Making choices. The proper balance of human and machine decision making is an important part of a system's design.

Human Decision Making Is Complex
It is easy to think of automating tasks traditionally performed by people, but it is not that easy to analyze how decisions are made by an experienced, intuitive worker. If an improper analysis of human decision making is made, the wrong decision making may be placed into the machine, which can get buried in documentation that is rarely reviewed. This will become a critical issue as artificial intelligence applications proliferate. See AI.

Algorithmic or Heuristic
From a programming point of view, decision making is performed two ways: algorithmic, a precise set of rules and conditions that never change, or heuristic, a set of rules that may change over time (self-modify) as conditions occur. Heuristic techniques are employed in AI systems.
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decision making

the processes by which individuals, or groups and organizations, decide actions or determine policies. Obviously, decision making covers a wide area, involving virtually the whole of human action. Sociologists, psychologists and political scientists, among others, have been interested in decision making in different ways, though there are overlapping interests. These perspectives include: formal analysis of the decision strategies of actors in competitive situations (as in THEORY OF GAMES, and in approaches derived from Economics, e.g. see EXCHANGE THEORY); analysis of decision-making behaviour in the dynamics of small groups (see GROUP DYNAMICS); studies of organizations (see ORGANIZATION THEORY); studies of access to political decision-making (see COMMUNITY POWER).
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
It is hard to realize our own behaviors but if the head of the decision-making process realizes that, the right steps can be taken to create the right structure and prevent those unconscious forces from derailing the process.
Differences in individual ideologies affecting participation in decision-making process
Supervisors learned to carefully document decisions made in management team meetings to ensure effective follow-through and increase the credibility of the decision-making process. Management team minutes are intentionally brief to encourage people to read them, but they also are carefully structured to include a short explanation of each topic, the team's decision (identified by a capitalized and bolded "ACTION" so as not to be missed) and deadline for implementation, and the person assigned responsibility for ensuring compliance.
To this end he aims to increase the CoR's participation in the EU decision-making process as far upstream as possible in the preparation of texts, whilst aiming downstream to enhance the CoR's role in assessing the local and regional impact of major European policies.
According to Hiller, "The bill doesn't actually improve the transparency in the Commission decision-making process. Rather than opening up the process to public scrutiny, it simply creates external mechanisms to force the Commission to hold hearings.
SIR - An apology for the past by those not involved in the decision-making process at the time has a hollow tone of negativity and irrelevance unless there is some positive intent to put right the original wrong doing.
As a negotiating ploy, he would regularly threaten to resign if the Administration's internal decision-making process went against him.
CONSULTING MASTERY seeks to explore and explain the consultant's wider role in the business process, surveying how a consultant can make a difference and reframe a decision-making process. An intriguing guide re-defining the consultant's role in a company.
Perceptions of personal career goals, including perceived control over outcomes, responsibility, and factors such as one's anxiety about the decision-making process are part of the process.
The underlying theme of this course is the need for military officers and civilian officials to develop habits of cooperation within an interagency decision-making process. The course relies heavily on interaction among participants during the classroom course.
They wanted to invest for us without our input." But Woods involved them in the decision-making process, and her thorough approach put them at ease.
But absent hard evidence of what went on behind closed doors, isn't it also possible the directors remained fully on course throughout a daunting decision-making process?

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