craniectomy

(redirected from Decompressive craniectomy)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Wikipedia.

craniectomy

[krā·nē·′ek·tə·mē]
(medicine)
Surgical removal of strips or pieces of the cranial bones.
References in periodicals archive ?
Decompressive craniectomy can decrease the mortality of large cerebral or cerebellar hemispheric infarction and should also be considered in malignant edema.
They demonstrated that craniotomy or decompressive craniectomy, GCS of 8 or less and absence of basal cisterns on pre-operative CT scans were highly predictive of new findings on follow-up CT scans and they have favoured that routine CT should be obtained after craniotomy or decompressive craniectomy.
Outcome following decompressive craniectomy for malignant swelling due to severe head injury.
A repeat head CT exhibited evidence of impending herniation and worsening edema that prompted neurosurgery to perform a decompressive craniectomy.
Honeybul S, O'Hanlon S, Ho KM (2011) Decompressive craniectomy for severe head injury: does an outcome prediction model influence clinical decision-making?
The unusual procedure Jahfari had at Southampton Children's Hospital is described as a bi-frontal decompressive craniectomy and insertion of bone flap into anterior abdominal wall.
Fatal outcome despite bilateral decompressive craniectomy for refractory intracranial pressure increase in butane intoxication: Case report.
For example, normalising intracranial pressure in traumatic brain injury by early decompressive craniectomy (2), arterial blood pressure in sepsis by inhibition of nitric oxide synthase (3), urine output in acute renal impairment using dopamine (4), haemoglobin (when not bleeding) by transfusion (5), and blood glucose using an insulin infusion (6).
On arrival, the patient was evaluated by neurosurgery service personnel, who subsequently planned for an immediate decompressive craniectomy with placement of a ventriculostomy catheter in the operating room.
No patient underwent intraventricular drain placement or a decompressive craniectomy.