libido

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libido

(lĭbē`dō, –bī`–) [Lat.,=lust], psychoanalytic term used by Sigmund Freud to identify instinctive energy with the sex instinct. For Freud, libido is the generalized sexual energy of which conscious activity is the expression. C. G. Jung used the term synonymously with instinctive energy in general. Many psychiatrists now feel that Freud overemphasized the concept of libido as the determinant of personality development and did not adequately emphasize the results of socializing forces. The term drive is often used instead of libido but without the sexual implications of the latter. See psychoanalysispsychoanalysis,
name given by Sigmund Freud to a system of interpretation and therapeutic treatment of psychological disorders. Psychoanalysis began after Freud studied (1885–86) with the French neurologist J. M.
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Libido

 

one of the basic concepts of psychoanalysis, developed by S. Freud.

According to Freud, the libido is a primarily unconscious drive of a sexual character. Unlike the urge for self-preservation, the libido may be repressed or undergo complex transformation. Freud believed that the libido is localized in different zones of the body during the process of individual development, determining the phases of psychosexual development and the respective changes in the objects of attraction (from autoeroticism to attraction to external objects). Upon encountering an external obstacle, the libido may return to past stages of development, acquiring the form of pathological regression. At the same time, it may turn away from the original goals and find expression in the processes of creativity (sublimation).

In a polemic with Freud, C. G. Jung reexamined the concept of libido. Jung denied the libido an exclusively sexual character, considering it psychic energy generally. Understood in this way, the libido appears in Jung’s theory as a metaphysical principle of the psyche and a basic psychic reality. In Jung’s idealistic treatment, this is an autonomous, closed system, functioning on the basis of the principle of compensation.

D. N. LIALIKOV

libido

[lə′bē·dō]
(psychology)
Sexual desire.
The sum total of all instinctual forces; psychic energy or drive usually associated with the sexual instinct.

libido

Psychoanal psychic energy emanating from the id
References in periodicals archive ?
The five most common symptoms were fatigue (49%), arthralgia and myalgia (46%), decreased libido (42%), insomnia (40%), and nervousness (39%).
Other symptoms include increased sleep or oversleeping, weight gain, difficulty concentrating and a decreased libido.
Patients who experienced menopausal symptoms--hot flashes, decreased libido, dyspareunia--were referred to a menopause outpatient clinic.
Prevention of chronic alcohol and nicotine-induced azospermia, sterility and decreased libido, by a novel tri-substituted benzoflavone moiety from Passiflora incarnata Linneaus in healthy male rats.
The adverse effects observed during study were, dryness of mouth from day 15 (47.5%) to day 90 (29.7%), nausea from day 15 (17.5%) to day 90 (5.4%), headache from day 15 (20%) to day 90 (5.4%), constipation from day 15 (7.5%) to day 90 (2.7%), tremor from day 15 (2.5%) and subsided at day 60 in group A, where as in group B, they were, dryness of mouth from day 15 (12.5%) to day 90 (2.7%), nausea from day 15 (22.5%) and subsided at day 60, headache from day 15 (12.5%) to day 90 (2.7%), decreased libido from day 15 (15%) and subsided at day 60 (2.5%)
Because the latter includes women who discontinue the Pill for any reason (including wanting to get pregnant or switching methods), it's unclear how many discontinue OCs specifically due to decreased libido. A bigger mystery is why doctors, researchers, and (most of all) women find these side effects acceptable.
The symptoms of stress are numerous: snacking, weight gain, sleeplessness, fatigue, smoking, mood swings, decreased libido, impaired memory and concentration, headaches, back pain, stomach upset, diarrhoea, constipation and chronic infection (because of a weakened immune system).
Some of the symptoms associated with winter SAD are fatigue, increased sleep, decreased energy, decreased libido, weight gain, difficulty concentrating, lack of social interaction, increased sadness and irritability, indecision, forgetfulness, headaches, lethargy.
Side-effects from Finasteride are uncommon, but erectile problems and decreased libido (sex drive) are occasionally reported.
Although Sildenafil has been shown as efficacious for a large percentage of men with ED it does not appear to have an effect on decreased libido (Seibel et al 2002).
Patient 2: A 36-year-old man was referred to our outpatient clinic because of impotence and decreased libido. He did not have gynecomastia or galactorrhea.

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