Decurion

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Decurion

 

(curial), in ancient Rome, a member of the city councils (senates, later called curiae in imperial Rome) in the cities of Italy and the provinces. Members were recruited from among the former city magistrates, and their office was unpaid and conferred for life. They were responsible for city administration, the assessment and collection of taxes (arrears on which they had to make up out of their own personal property), the leasing of town lands, the expenditure of public money, and so on. Their duties also included organizing games and festivals. In the provinces their activities were strictly supervised by the Roman vicegerents. In the early days of the empire the decurion was a member of the highest class in the Italian and provincial cities. As the burden of taxes and duties paid increased during the fourth century A.D., the position of the decurion, who was now called a curial, deteriorated so much that this group endeavored to be deprived of their rank so as to be relieved of their heavy duties. Emperor Constantine issued edicts between 316 and 332 that assigned them to their curiae in perpetuity.

References in periodicals archive ?
Les ouvrages urbains a caractere public dependirent en grande majorite des instances municipales sous le controle des decurions qui avaient la responsabilite des finances (Vaerarium), de la surveillance et de l'entretien des batiments et de l'utilisation du sol public.
The existence of monitors or decurions helping the classes marked not only the mutual method officially prescribed by the general law of education of October 15th, 1827, but also other forms of education and suggests a present reality in other locations, the mix among the proposals for education.
Devenu flamine perpetuel de sa cite, Lambese, il a offert une statue de Marsyas, il a fait restaurer la curie et il a distribue des pieces d'or et des sportules aux decurions.
There was also a council chamber for the governing body of decurions, and by the time of the Severans public baths and a theatre, too, the latter the gift of the civic benefactor M.
We can imagine that the decurions of Carthage elected him the public priest of Aesculapius not simply in order to present him with a civic honor, but also to recognize his professed devotion to that deity.
3 Over twenty decurions from Asia, Achaea and Macedonia alone and one equestrian tribune of a cohort in Britain (CIL 7.
1 and 2 with Tertullian's Apology: |With all those tribes and senates and decurions belching the air grows sour.
Kulikowski assumes that such reconstruction activity <<will necessarily have involved the curias very deeply>>, but the only evidence he can adduce is the provisions for duties of magistrates and decurions in the Flavian Municipal Law, which can hardly been relevant in the Late Empire.
Reasons other than the foundation of a parasitic consuming centre are hinted at by Libanius but not explicitly stated, if we leave aside Constantine's indirect responsibility for the financial losses eastern decurions incurred in supplying Roman troops fighting against the Persians.
En el ambito de la revision historiografica se situa tambien el trabajo de Laurent Lamoine, <<Des senatores aux decurions dans les Gaules>> (pp.
342, for example, the leasing of state lands had secured to decurions the valuable right of immunity from curial charges.