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(industrial engineering)
A machine or facility which is being considered for replacement.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


Bryan, William Jennings
(1860–1925) defended Creationism in famous Scopes trial. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 383–384]
Canisius, St. Peter
Jesuit theologian; buttressed Catholic faith against Protestantism. [Christian Hagiog.: Attwater, 276]
halts Susanna’s execution; gets her acquitted. [Apocrypha: Daniel and Susanna]
Darrow, Clarence
(1857–1938) lawyer; Bryan’s nemesis in Scopes trial (1925). [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 131]
Defender of the Faith
Henry VIII as defender of the papacy against Martin Luther (1521). [Br. Hist.: EB, 8: 769–772]
Defenders, The
father-son lawyer team in early 1960s. [TV: Terrace, I, 197]
Miriam’s ardent friend ever ready to defend her. [Am. Lit.: The Marble Faun]
bravely defended Troy against Greek siege for ten years. [Gk. Lit.: Iliad]
Mason, Perry
detective novels and TV series feature courtroom drama by lawyer. [Am. Lit.: Gardner, Erie Stanley, in EB, IV: 416; Radio: Buxton, 186–187; TV: Terrace, II, 199]
Ridd, John
defender of the parish of Oare in Somerset. [Br. Lit.: Lorna Doone, Magill I, 524–526]
Zola, Emile
(1840–1902) attacked Army cover-up of Dreyfus affair in J ’accuse (1898). [Fr. Hist.: Wallechinsky, 60]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Windows Defender

The antivirus program that comes with Windows, starting with Windows 8 (it was retroactively added to Windows 7). Windows Defender scans files downloaded from any Windows Web browser.

Defender -> MSE -> Defender
Windows Defender was originally only an antispyware program that was acquired by Microsoft from GIANT Company Software in 2004. Defender was replaced by Microsoft Security Essentials (MSE) in 2009, which included antivirus scanning. In 2012, the name was resurrected for the antivirus program built into Windows 8, and it uses the same virus signatures as MSE. See Microsoft Security Essentials.
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