Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency


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Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

(DARPA), U.S. government agency administered by the Department of Defense (see Defense, United States Department ofDefense, United States Department of,
executive department of the federal government charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government relating directly to national security and military affairs.
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). It was established in 1958, in reaction to the previous year's successful launch of Sputnik by the USSR, as the Advanced Research Projects Agency. Although DARPA is only one of many military agencies administering research and development funds, it has been crucial to the development of several important technologies, including stealth aircraft, armed drones, biofeedback systems, and especially military computers and the InternetInternet, the,
international computer network linking together thousands of individual networks at military and government agencies, educational institutions, nonprofit organizations, industrial and financial corporations of all sizes, and commercial enterprises (called gateways
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. DARPA funds a high percentage of all artificial intelligenceartificial intelligence
(AI), the use of computers to model the behavioral aspects of human reasoning and learning. Research in AI is concentrated in some half-dozen areas.
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 research in the United States, as well as significant projects in microelectronics, materials, behavioral science, and biotechnology. Among its more recent projects have been the development of robot cars and of computer-controlled surgical procedures.

Bibliography

See M. Belfiore, The Department of Mad Scientists (2009); S. Weinberger, The Imagineers of War (2017).

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

(body)
(DARPA, ARPA) An agency of the US Department of Defense responsible for the development of new technology for use by the military. DARPA was established in 1958 in response to the Soviet launching of Sputnik, with the mission of keeping the US's military technology ahead of its enemies. DARPA is independent from other more conventional military R&D and reports directly to senior DoD management. DARPA has around 240 personnel (about 140 technical) directly managing a $2 billion budget. These figures are "on average" since DARPA focusses on short (two to four-year) projects run by small, purpose-built teams.

ARPA was its original name, then it was renamed DARPA (for Defense) in 1972, then back to ARPA and then, incredibly, back to DARPA again on 1996-03-11!

ARPA was responsible for funding development of ARPANET (which grew into the Internet), as well as the Berkeley version of Unix and TCP/IP.

http://darpa.mil/.

History.
References in periodicals archive ?
The proposals were selected from those received by the military services, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the Defense Nuclear Agency and the Strategic Defense Initiative Organization in response to the fiscal year 1989 Phase I solicitation.
At the time of award, research, development, test and evaluation (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) funds in the amount of $2,042,919 will be obligated.
has been awarded a contract from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency to develop a satellite bus in support of the Blackjack program.
Formerly, Dr Goldblatt was the former director of Defense Sciences at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
Dana-Farber is engaged in research activities within a project funded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) of the US Department of Defense, to develop transient immunity against life- threatening viral infections.
And it would be foolhardy for us not to expect that to happen," Wallace told scientists at a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency conference.
Among their sponsors were the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the CIA, the Navy, NASA, and the Department of Energy.
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency and the US Air Force on November 14 announced the teams selected for the six-month, first phase of the Force Application and Launch from the Continental US (FALCON) program (see "US Aiming for Global Strike Capability," JED, August 2003, p.
Northrop Grumman's Integrated Systems sector, in co-operation with the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (Darpa) and Nasa, recently demonstrated the flight of a fighter with a fuselage design that reduces the impact of sonic booms.
Carnegie Mellon's CERT/CC was formed in November 1988 within the Software Engineering Institute (SEI) by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) after an Internet worm brought 10 percent of Internet-connected systems to a halt.
As part of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency's Quantum Information Science and Technology program, NIST researchers have designed and built a prototype single photon detection system that has demonstrated the ability to count the number of photons in a short pulse of light with no dark counts.
The Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency will pattern its broad agency announcements after those issue by DARPA, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. The agency would announce its interest in certain technologies, then invite qualified contractors to request a classified solicitation, Jane Alexander, HSARPA's deputy director, told the newspaper,

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