Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency


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Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

(DARPA), U.S. government agency administered by the Department of Defense (see Defense, United States Department ofDefense, United States Department of,
executive department of the federal government charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government relating directly to national security and military affairs.
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). It was established in 1958, in reaction to the previous year's successful launch of Sputnik by the USSR, as the Advanced Research Projects Agency. Although DARPA is only one of many military agencies administering research and development funds, it has been crucial to the development of several important technologies, including stealth aircraft, armed drones, biofeedback systems, and especially military computers and the InternetInternet, the,
international computer network linking together thousands of individual networks at military and government agencies, educational institutions, nonprofit organizations, industrial and financial corporations of all sizes, and commercial enterprises (called gateways
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. DARPA funds a high percentage of all artificial intelligenceartificial intelligence
(AI), the use of computers to model the behavioral aspects of human reasoning and learning. Research in AI is concentrated in some half-dozen areas.
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 research in the United States, as well as significant projects in microelectronics, materials, behavioral science, and biotechnology. Among its more recent projects have been the development of robot cars and of computer-controlled surgical procedures.

Bibliography

See M. Belfiore, The Department of Mad Scientists (2009); S. Weinberger, The Imagineers of War (2017).

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

(body)
(DARPA, ARPA) An agency of the US Department of Defense responsible for the development of new technology for use by the military. DARPA was established in 1958 in response to the Soviet launching of Sputnik, with the mission of keeping the US's military technology ahead of its enemies. DARPA is independent from other more conventional military R&D and reports directly to senior DoD management. DARPA has around 240 personnel (about 140 technical) directly managing a $2 billion budget. These figures are "on average" since DARPA focusses on short (two to four-year) projects run by small, purpose-built teams.

ARPA was its original name, then it was renamed DARPA (for Defense) in 1972, then back to ARPA and then, incredibly, back to DARPA again on 1996-03-11!

ARPA was responsible for funding development of ARPANET (which grew into the Internet), as well as the Berkeley version of Unix and TCP/IP.

http://darpa.mil/.

History.
References in periodicals archive ?
Source: University of Florida's Team CIMAR, University of Central Florida's Team UCF, Defense Advanced Research projects Agency (U.
Operations, "CACI's offering of program management and technical expertise for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency provides a foundation that lets DARPA continue to focus on innovative, high-payoff research and development.
In government service, he was a Deputy Office Director in the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, as well as a Special Assistant to the Director.
GBA announced in October, 2005 that the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) selected a GBA-led team to design a proof of concept high speed, long range, vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) aircraft designed for use in Combat Search and Rescue roles.
The organization was established in 1993 in response to a request by the Department of Defense's Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency as one of seven regionally based advanced transportation technology research and development consortia in the United States, according to the organization's Web site.
7M in funding by the Department of Defense's Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) under the second phase of its Disruption Tolerant Networking (DTN) program.
MOJAVE - XCOR Aerospace has completed a significant milestone in a rocket program for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, a company spokesman said.
The race is being put on by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the same agency that spurred the development of the F-117A stealth fighter and the robotic Global Hawk reconnaissance aircraft.
4-million Phase II program award from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) to advance next-generation broadband communication devices based on ADT's Ultrananocrystalline Diamond(TM) (UNCD(TM)).
3 million contract from the Air Force and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency to continue development of technologies needed for a pilotless, hypersonic bomber capable of striking targets anywhere in the world in less than two hours.

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