Robert Delaunay

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Delaunay, Robert

(rōbĕr` dəlōnā`), 1885–1941, French painter; husband of Sonia Delaunay-TerkDelaunay-Terk, Sonia
, 1885–1979, Russian painter and designer; wife of Robert Delaunay. Raised in St. Petersburg, she moved to Paris in 1905. With her husband, she developed orphism, a movement that strove for the harmonious mixture of colors.
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. By 1909, Delaunay had progressed from a neoimpressionist phase to cubismcubism,
art movement, primarily in painting, originating in Paris c.1907. Cubist Theory

Cubism began as an intellectual revolt against the artistic expression of previous eras.
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, applying cubist principles to the exploration of color. He immediately enlarged cubist themes to include the architecture of cities (e.g., La Ville de Paris, 1912; Musée d'Art moderne, Paris). He became a major figure in the movement Apollinaire termed orphismorphism,
a short-lived movement in art founded in 1912 by Robert Delaunay, Frank Kupka, the Duchamp brothers, and Roger de la Fresnaye. Apollinaire coined the term orphism
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. This amalgam of fauve color, futurist dynamism, and analytical cubism sought to emulate the rhythms but not the appearance of nature. Delaunay is most famous for his series of paintings of the Eiffel Tower; one of them is in the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City.

Bibliography

See M. Hoog, Delauney (1977).

References in classic literature ?
Michel formed one couple, and Detaye and Delaunay another.
Delaunay, in which he offers to purchase the good-will of the house, to unite with his own, for 300,000 francs.
St Mark's, in Delaunays Road, is run by Marantomark and provides nursing care for up to 62 people with dementia, brain injuries and mental-health needs.
Pascal Rousseau's essay, "Voyelles: Sonia Delaunay and the universal language of colour hearing," first quotes Apollinaire's close-up view as the guest of Sonia and Robert, "As they wake up, the Delaunays speak painting" (71).
Cecile Barques next discusses Sonia's relationships with Romanian Dada founder Tristan Tzara, Russian Futurist Iliazd, and others after the Delaunays returned to Paris in 1921.
The Tate Modern catalogue, a collaboration with Musee d'Art Moderne, Paris (where the exhibition originated), (1) offers fourteen short essays by leading and younger Delaunay scholars, primarily from France, with one from England and two from the United States.
Celine Chicha-Castex and Brigitte Leal open by summarizing the huge, important donations of art and documents by Sonia and Charles Delaunay, her son, to the National Museums of France in 1963 and 1977.
Buckberrough's essay argues that Delaunay was consciously androgynous because she may have met with Valentine de St-Point in Paris in 1914, because Natalia Goncharova painted hieroglyphs on her bare breasts in Moscow the same year, and because she "wears a man's working jacket .
Brigitte Leal discusses the important 'Fauve' works the artist created after her studies with Ludwig Schmid-Reutte in Karlsruhe, Germany, in 1904, her studies with Rudolf Grossmann in Paris in 1907, and her introduction to the art of Braque, Picasso, Derain, Dufy, Metzinger, Pascin, and her future husband, Robert Delaunay (they married in 1910).
Sonia Delaunay introduced five paintings along with painted boxes, cups, a curtain and cushions with abstract titles such as Coussin Astral (Astral Cushion).
Address : Trust Headquarters, North Manchester General Hospital, Delaunays Rd, Crumpsall
Trust Headquarters North Manchester General Hospital Delaunays Rd.